See also:town and municipal
See also:borough in the
See also:parliamentary division of
See also:Essex, England, beautifully situated near the
See also:Cam in a valley surrounded by hills, on a branch of the
See also:Great Eastern railway, 431 M . N.N.E. from
See also:London . Pop . (1901) 5896 . It has a somewhat
See also:ancient appearance and possesses a spacious market-place . Of the old
See also:castle, dating probably from the 12th century, but in
See also:part protected by much earlier earthworks, the keep and a few other portions still remain . Near it are a series of curious circular excavations in the
See also:chalk, called the
See also:Maze, of unknown date or purpose . The earthworks west and south of the town are of great extent; there was a large Saxon
See also:burial-ground here . The
See also:church of St Mary the Virgin, a beautiful specimen of the Perpendicular
See also:style, dating from the reign of
See also:Henry VII., but frequently repaired and restored, contains the
See also:tomb of
See also:Lord Audley, chancellor to Henry VIII . There is an
See also:Edward VI. grammar school, occupying
See also:modern buildings . The town possesses a museum with
See also:good archaeological and natural
See also:history collections, a
See also:literary institute and a horticultural society . The benevolent institutions include the hospital and the Edward VI. almshouses .
There is a
See also:British and
See also:Foreign School Society's training
See also:college for mistresses . In the neighbourhood is the
See also:mansion of Audley End, built by
See also:Thomas, 1st
See also:earl of
See also:Suffolk, in 1603 on the ruins of the abbey, converted in 1190 from a
See also:Benedictine priory founded by Geoffrey de Mandeville in 1136 .
See also:Brewing, malting and iron-founding are carried on . The borough is under a mayor, 4 aldermen and 12 councillors .
See also:Area, 7502 acres . Saffron Walden (Waledana) was almost certainly fortified by the Britons, and probably by some earlier
See also:race . The town corporation
See also:grew out of the Gild of the
See also:Holy Trinity, which was incorporated under Henry VIII., the lord of the town, in 1514 . It was dissolved under Edward VI., and a
See also:charter was obtained for Walden, appointing a treasurer and
See also:chamberlain and twenty-four assistants, all elective, who, with the commonalty, formed the corporation . In 1694
See also:William and Mary made Walden a
See also:free borough, with a mayor, 4 aldermen and 12 town councillors . The corporation became a
See also:board of
See also:health under the
See also:act of 1858, and a municipal borough in 1875 . The culture of saffron was the most characteristic
See also:industry at Walden from the reign of Edward III. until its gradual extinction about 1768 .
SAFFRON (Arab. za'faran)
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