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SAGUNTUM

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Originally appearing in Volume V23, Page 1004 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SAGUNTUM, now Sagunto or Murviedro, an ancient town The Ahaggar plateau is not inferior to the Alps la area, but its in a fertile district 0f eastern Spain (Castellon de la Plana) I highest peaks do not greatly exceed 8000 ft. They are believed N. of Valencia, close to the coast. Its history comprises to be volcanic like those of Auvergne. Upon their summits snow 20 M. Y comPr is reputed to lie from December to March. South-east of tho one brief flash of tragic glory and a long obscure happiness. main plateau, and partly filling the valley between the Ahaggar At the outbreak of the Second Punic War (219 B.C.) it was a plateau and the Tasili of the Asjer (see infra); are the Anahef large and commercially prosperous town of native—not Greek— mountains. To the north the valley is again contracted by the Irawen mountains. origin. It sided with Rome against Carthage, and drew Hannibal's Besides this central group of mountains, sometimes spoken of as first assault. Its long and noble resistance, told by the Roman the Atakor-'n-Ahaggar (Summits of the Ahaggar);-there are various historian Livy in no less noble language, ranks with the Spanish other massifs in the Sahara. On the north-west of the Mountain defence of Saragossa in the Peninsular War. Finally in 218 Ahaggar, and separated from it by a wide plain, is the ranges. Hannibal took it and passed on into ItalYThen we hear little Muidir plateau, which extends nearly east and west 200 m. North-east of the Ahaggar (in the direction of Tripoli) is the Tasili more of it till at the opening of the Christian era it appears of the Asjer (4000-5000 ft.), which runs for 300 m. in a N.E. to S.E. as a flourishing Romano-Spanish town with a Latin-speaking direction. South-east of the Tasili of the Asjer is a range of hills population and the rank of municipium. This later prosperity known as the Tummo (or War) mountains. Still farther south is the lasted most of the empire through, and is attested b inscriptions mountainous region of Tibesti (or TO, with an average height of Y some 7000 ft., the volcanic cone of Tussid rising to an estimated and ruins (notably a theatre, demolished by Suchet). height of 8800 ft. Towards the south and east the Tibesti highlands
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