Online Encyclopedia

SAIGA (Saiga tatarica)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V23, Page 1009 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SAIGA (Saiga tatarica), the native designation of 'a desert= dwelling antelope, easily'recognized by its extraordinary swollen and puffy nose, in which the apertures of the tubular nostrils are directed downwards. The ringed lyrate horns of the males are amber-coloured, and wide apart on the head. There is a small gland on each side ,of the face below the eye; and the ears are remarkable for their short and rounded' form. The 'colour is whitish in winter and sandy in summer. ' It is the sole representative" of its genus. At the present day the headquarters of this antelope are the Kirghiz Steppes, but a century ago its range extended as far west as Poland. During the latter part of the Tertiary period the saiga was much more widely distributed, fossilized remains having been obtained from' many parts of Western Europe, including Britain.
End of Article: SAIGA (Saiga tatarica)
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