See also:earl of
See also:Salisbury was first created about 1149, when it was conferred on Patrick de Salisbury (sometimes from an early date called in error Patrick Devereux), a descendant of
See also:Edward de Salisbury, mentioned in Domesday as vicecomes of
See also:Wiltshire . His granddaughter Isabella became countess of Salisbury suo jure on the
See also:death of her
See also:William the 2nd earl, without male heirs, in 1196, and the title was assumed by her
See also:husband, William de Longespee (d . 1226), illegitimate son of
See also:Henry II. possibly by
See also:Rosamond Clifford (" The
See also:fair Rosamond ") . Isabella survived her husband, and outlived both her son and
See also:grandson, both called
See also:Sir William de Longespee, and on her death in 1261 her
See also:Margaret (d . 1310), wife of Henry de
See also:Lacy, earl of Lincoln, probably became suo jure countess of Salisbury; she transmitted the title to her daughter Alice, who married
See also:Plantagenet, earl of
See also:Lancaster . Lancaster having been attainted and beheaded in 1322, the countess made a surrender of her lands and titles to Edward II., the earldom thus lapsing to the
See also:crown . The earldom of Salisbury was granted in 1337 by Edward III. to William de Montacute,
See also:Lord Montacute (1301–1344), in whose
See also:family it remained till 1400, when
See also:John, 3rd earl of this
See also:line, was attainted and his titles forfeited . His son Thomas (1388–1428) was restored in
See also:blood in 1421; and Thomas's daughter and heiress, Alice, married Sir
See also:Richard Neville (1400–146o), a younger son of
See also:Ralph Neville, 1st earl of Westmorland and a grandson of John of Gaunt, who sat in parliament in right of his wife as earl of Salisbury; he was succeeded by his son Richard, on whose death without male issue in 1471 the earldom fell into
See also:abeyance .
See also:George Plantagenet, duke of
See also:brother of Edward IV., who married Richard's daughter and co-heiress,
See also:Isabel, became by a
See also:separate creation earl of Salisbury in 1472, but by his
See also:attainder in 1478 this title was forfeited, and immediately afterwards was granted to Edward Plantagenet, eldest son of Richard duke of
See also:Gloucester, afterwards Richard III., on whose death in 1484 it became
See also:extinct . Richard III.'s
See also:queen, Anne, was a
See also:sister of the above-mentioned Isabel, duchess of Clarence, and co-heiress with her of Richard Neville, earl of Salisbury . On the death of Queen Anne in 1485 the abeyance of the older creation terminated, Edward Plantagenet, eldest son of George duke of Clarence by Isabel Neville, becoming earl of Salisbury as successor to his
See also:mother's right .
He was attainted in 1504, five years after hisexecution, but the earldom then forfeited was restored to his sister Margaret (1474-1541), widow of Sir Richard
See also:Pole, in 1513 . This
See also:lady was also attainted, with
See also:forfeiture of her titles, in 1539 . Sir Robert
See also:Cecil, second son of the 1st Lord Burghley (q.v.), was created earl of Salisbury (1605), having no connexion in blood with the former holders of the title . (See SALISBURY, ROBERT CECIL, 1ST EARL ox.) In his family the earldom has remained till the
See also:day, the 7th earl of the line having been created
See also:marquess of Salisbury in 1789 . See G . E . C.,
See also:Peerage, vol. vii . (1896) .
3RD MARQUESS OF ROBERT ARTHUR TALBOT GASCOYNECECIL ...
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