Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 92 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SALTBURN BY THE SEA, a seaside resort in the Cleveland parliamentary division of the North Riding of Yorkshire, England, 21 M. E. of Middlesbrough by a branch of the North Eastern railway. Pop. of urban district (1901) 2578. A frm sandy beach extends westward to Redcar and the mouth of the Tees, while eastward towards Whitby the cliffs become very fine, Boulby Cliff (666 ft.) being the highest sea cliff in England. Several fishing villages occur along this coast, of which none is more picturesque than Staithes, lying in a steep gully in the cliff. There are brine baths supplied from wells near Middlesbrough, a pier, gardens and promenades. Inland the county is billy and picturesque, though in part defaced by the Cleveland iron mines. SALT-CELLAR, a vessel containing salt, placed upon the table at meals. The word is a combination of "salt" and " Baler," assimilated in the 16th and 17th centuries to "cellar" (Lat. cellarium, a storehouse). " Saler " is from the Fr. (Mod. saliere), Lat. salarium, that which belongs to salt, cf. " salary." Salt cellar is, therefore, a tautological expression. There are two types of salts, the large ornamental salt which during the medieval ages and later was one of the most important pieces of household plate, and the smaller " salts," actually used and placed near the plates or trenchers of the guests at table; 'they were hence styled " trencher salts." The great salts, below which the inferior guests sat, were, in the earliest form which survives, shaped like an hour-glass and have a cover. New College, Oxford, possesses a magnificent specimen, dated 1493. Later salts take a square or cylindrical shape. The Elizabethan salt, kept with the regalia in the Tower of London, has a cover with numerous figures. The London Livery Companies possess many salts of a still later pattern, rather low in height and without a cover. The " trencher salts " are either of triangular or circular shape, some" are many-sided. The circular silver salt with legs came into use in the '8th century.
SALTCOATS (pop. 8120)

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