See also:village of Samsat, occupying a corner of the
See also:ancient site . On a broad plain 1500 ft. above
See also:sea-level, Samosata practically marks the place where the
See also:mountain course of the
See also:Euphrates ends (see
See also:MESOPOTAMIA) . When the
See also:water is high enough it is possible to descend in a kelek in one
See also:day to Birejik . The rocky
See also:banks contain many ancient cave-dwellings . The
See also:stele found there and published by Humann and Puchstein (Reisen in Kleinasien u .
See also:plate xlix . 1-3) shows that it was at an early
See also:time a Hittite centre, probably marking an important route across the Euphrates: whether or not it was the place where later the Persian " royal road " crossed the Euphrates, in
See also:Strabo's time it was connected by a
See also:bridge with a
See also:Seleucia on the Mesopotamian side, and it is now connected by road with Severek and Diarbekr and with Rakka, connecting further, through Edessa and
See also:Harran, with other eastward routes . The Hittite sculptured
See also:object referred to above 1 Not to be confused, as Yaqut remarks, with Shamshat, the classical Arsamosata (Ptol. v . 13).shows influences of an
See also:Assyrian type (P .
See also:Jensen, Hittiter u . A rmenier , 1898, 13) ; but no cuneiform text referring to Samosata by name seems yet to have been published . Kummukh, however, the
See also:district to which it belonged, was overrun by early Assyrian
See also:kings .
In consequence of revolt it was made an Assyrianprovince in 708 B.C . When the Assyrian
See also:empire passed through the hands of
See also:Babylon and
See also:Persia into those of the successors of
See also:Alexander, Samosata was the capital of Kummukh, called in Greek Commagene . How soon it became a Greek city we do not know . Although its ruler
See also:Ptolemy renounced
See also:allegiance to
See also:Antiochus IV. the
See also:dynasty of Iranian origin which ruled at Samosata, described by Strabo (l.c.) as a fortified city in a very fertile if not extensive district, allied itself with the Seleucids, and
See also:bore the dynastic name of Antiochus . There, not long after the little
See also:kingdom was in A.D . 72 made a province by the Romans, and its capital received the additional name of Flavia (
See also:Suet . Vesp . 8; Eutrop . 8 . 19), the celebrated Greek writer Lucian the Satirist was
See also:born in the and century (see LUCIAN), and more than a century later another Lucian, known as the
See also:Martyr, and Paul called " of Samosata." The remains of a
See also:fine aqueduct that once brought water from the
See also:Kiakhta Chai, which begins some 6 m. above the
See also:town, are probably of the 3rd century A.D . (Geog . Journ. viii .
323) . Under
See also:Constantine Samosata gave place as capital of Euphratensis to
See also:Hierapolis (Malal . Chron. xiii. p . 317) . It was at Samosata that Julian had
See also:ships made in his expedition against Sapor, and it was a natural
See also:crossing-place in the struggle between
See also:Heraclius and
See also:Chosroes in the 7th century . Mas`udi in the loth century says it was known also as Karat at-Tin (" the
See also:Castle ") . It was one of the strong fortresses included in the
See also:county of Edessa (q.v.) . In the 13th century, according to Yaqut, one of its quarters was exclusively inhabited by Armenians . It is now a Kurdish village, which in 1894 consisted of about zoo houses, three of which were Armenian (Geog . Journ. viii . 322) .
SAMOTHRACE (Turk. Semadrek)
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