See also:wood obtained from various trees of the natural
See also:order Santalaceae, and principally from Santalum
See also:album, a native of India . The use of
See also:dates as far back at least as the 5th century B.c . It is still extensively used in India and
See also:China, wherever
See also:Buddhism prevails, being employed in funeral
See also:rites and religious ceremonies . Until the
See also:middle of the 18th century India was the only source of sandalwood . The
See also:discovery of a sandalwood in the islands of the Pacific led to difficulties with the natives, often ending in bloodshed, the celebrated missionary
See also:Williams (1796-1839), amongst others, having fallen a victim to an indiscriminate
See also:retaliation by the natives on
See also:white men visiting the islands . The loss of
See also:life in this
See also:trade was at one
See also:time even greater than in that of whaling, with which it ranked as one of the most adventurous of callings . In India sandalwood is largely used in the manufacture of boxes, fans and other ornamental articles of inlaid
See also:work, and to a limited extent in
See also:medicine as a domestic remedy for all kinds of pains and aches . The oil, obtained by distilling the wood in chips, is largely used as a perfume, few native
See also:Indian attars or essential oils being
See also:free from admixture with it . In the
See also:form of powder or
See also:paste the wood is employed in the pigments used by the Brahmans for their distinguishing caste-marks . Red sandalwood, known also as red sanders wood, is the product of a small leguminous
See also:tree, Pterocarpus santalinus, native of S . India,
See also:Ceylon and the Philippine Islands . A fresh
See also:surface of the wood has a
See also:rich deep red
See also:colour, which on exposure,however, assumes a dark brownish tint .
See also:medieval times red sandalwood possessed a high reputation in medicine, and it was valued as a colouring ingredient in many dishes . It is pharmacologically quite inert . Now it is little used as a colouring
See also:agent in
See also:pharmacy, its
See also:principal application being in wool-dyeing . Several other
See also:species of Pterocarpus, notably P. indicus, contain the same dyeing principle and can be used as substitutes for red sandalwood . The barwood and camwood of the
See also:Coast of Africa, from Baphia nitida or an allied species, called
See also:rouge d'Afrique by the French, are also in all respects closely allied to the red sandalwood of
See also:Oriental countries . As a substitute for copaiba (q.v.), sandalwood oil, distilled from the wood of Santalum album, is more expensive and pleasanter to take, but it is less efficient, as it does not contain any analogue to the valuable
See also:resin in copaiba .
SANDAL (from the Latinized form of Gr. vavb4Atov or...
SANDARACH (Fr. sandaraque, Lat. sandaraca, Gr. ravb...
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