See also:southern maritime state of Brazil, bounded N. by
See also:Parana, E. by the
See also:Atlantic, S. by Rio Grande do Sul, and W. by Rio Grande do Sul and the
See also:Misiones territory of
See also:Argentina . Pop . (1900) 320,289;
See also:area 28,633 sq. m . The Serra do
See also:Mar rises not far from the
See also:coast and leaves only a narrow coast zone, and the
See also:plateau above is much broken with irregular ranges of mountains . The coast region, though in the temperate zone, is hot and humid . It is densely forested, is broken by swamps and lagoons, and is crossed by numerous
See also:short streams from the wooded slopes of the serras . The plateau is less densely wooded, but has some highly fertile plains, the open campos being partly devoted to stock raising . Except in the malarious coast zone, the
See also:climate is temperate, bracing and exceptionally healthy . The drainage is westward to the Parana, the
See also:rivers being tributaries of the Iguassil, which forms its
See also:northern boundary, and of the
See also:Uruguay, which forms its southern boundary . A number of prosperous German colonies—the largest and best known of which are Blumenau, Dona Francisca,
See also:Joinville, Itajahy, Brusque, Dom Pedro and Sao Bento—are devoted chiefly to
See also:agriculture . There is no cultivation on a large scale, as in Sao Paulo and the northern provinces .
See also:Coffee is produced to a limited extent .
See also:Indian corn, beans, onions, fruit and mandioca are the
See also:principal products . A prominent
See also:industry is the gathering and preparation of mate or Paraguayan
See also:tea (Ilex paraguayensis), which is an article of export . The
See also:mineral resources include
See also:coal, iron,
See also:silver, gold and petroleum, the first alone is
See also:mined . The only railway of the state, the Dona Thereza Christina, runs from
See also:Laguna, at the mouth of a lagoon of that name on the southern coast, northward to the
See also:port of Imbituba (about 4 m.) and thence westward up the valley of the Rio Tubarao to the coal
See also:fields of that name (69 m.) . The coal is of inferior quality and the development of the mines, which were discovered in 1841, has not been a success . A later investigation shows that there are beds of better coal at a greater
See also:depth extending from Rio Grande do Sul to Sao Paulo . The capital of the state is
See also:Florianopolis (q.v.) also called
See also:Santa Catharina and Desterro, and its other towns are Blumenau, Lages (9356), Laguna (7282), Joinville (13,996), Itajahy (8875), Brusque (8094), Sao Jose (11,820), opposite Florianopolis, Tubarao (5495) and Sao Francisco (5583), a
See also:good port in the northern
See also:part of the state in
See also:direct communication with a majority of the German colonies .
SANTA CLARA (or VILLA-CLARA)
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