See also:born in
See also:Paris on the 16th of
See also:March 1752 . Like his
See also:father, he was a
See also:brewer, and gained
See also:great popularity in
See also:faubourg St
See also:Antoine by his beneficence . In 1789 he was given the command of a
See also:battalion of the
See also:National Guard, and took
See also:part in the storming of the Bastille . After the affair of the Champ de
See also:Mars (
See also:July 17th, 1791) a
See also:warrant was issued for his arrest, and he went into hiding . He emerged again in the following
See also:year, and took part in the events of the loth of
See also:June and the loth of
See also:August 1792, when he led the
See also:people of the faubourg St Antoine to the assault of the Tuileries . He, however, protected the royal
See also:family against the violence of the
See also:mob and, on the 7th of August, even attempted to bring about a reconciliation, but his efforts were frustrated by
See also:Marie Antoinette . He was made commanderin-chief of the National Guard, and appointed by the
See also:Convention warder to the
See also:king, in which position he did all in his power to alleviate
See also:Louis's captivity . He notified Louis of the
See also:sentence of
See also:death, and was
See also:present at the execution . Accounts differ as to his conduct at the execution, some stating that he ordered a
See also:roll of drums to drown the king's
See also:voice . The family tradition, how-ever, is that he silenced the drums to enable Louis to speak to the people, and that General J . F . Berruyer, who was in
See also:sole command, ordered the drums to
See also:beat and thus drowned the last words of the king's speech .
Santerre was appointed marechal de
See also:camp on the 23rd of
See also:October 1792, and subsequently general of division . In May 1793 he was temporarily replaced as
See also:commander of the National Guard in Paris, so that he might take command of a force which he had organized to operate in La Vendee . As a military commander he was not a conspicuous success, his debut being signalized by the defeat of the republicans at
See also:Saumur . He was variously reported to have been wounded and killed in this affair, and the wits of the reactionary party circulated his epitaph: Ci-grit le general Santerre Qus n'eut de Mars que la biere . He was scarcely more popular among the sans-culottes of his army . Wounded soldiers, returned to Paris, reported that he was living let-bas, " in
See also:Oriental luxury," and complained that, since their defeat had been due either to his treason or his incompetence, he should have been either guillotined " like other generals " or superseded . He was, however, not in supreme command, and therefore not responsible for the
See also:ill conduct of the war; he distinguished himself in various actions; and when, in October, he returned to Paris his popularity in the faubourg St Antoine was undiminished . But his
See also:report on this expedition, in which he drew
See also:attention to the evil
See also:plight of the republican arms in the Vendee, aroused suspicion . He was accused of " Orleanism " and imprisoned, and was not released until after the fall of Robespierre . He then gave in his resignation as general, and returned to commerce_; but his brewery was ruined, and after many vicissitudes of
See also:fortune he died in poverty in Paris on the 6th of
See also:February 18o9 . See A . Carro, Santerre general de la republique francaise (Paris, 1847), compiled from Santerre's MS. notes; P .
Robiquet, Le Personnel municipal de Parispendant la Revolution (Paris, 189o); C . L . Chassin, La Vendee et la Chouannerie (Paris, 1892 seq.); " L'Etat
See also:des services de Santerre dresse
See also:par lui-meme," in the third
See also:volume of Souvenirs et memoires (1899), published by Paul Bonnefon .
COUNT OF ANNIBALE SANTORRE DI ROSSI DE POMAROLO SAN...
JEAN BAPTISTE SANTERRE (1650-1717)
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