See also:Argentina, bounded N. by Salta and the
See also:Chaco territory, E. by the Chaco and
See also:Santa Fe, S. by Cordoba, and W. by Catamarca, Tucuman and Salta .
See also:Area 39,764 sq. m.; pop . (1895) 161,502; (1904, estimated) 186,205, chiefly Christianized
See also:Indians . The
See also:surface of the province is
See also:flat and low, chiefly open plains thinly covered with grass . There are forests in the W. and N., extensive swamps along the
See also:river courses and large saline areas, especially in the S.W . The Salado (called Pasage, and Juramento in Salta) crosses the province from N.W. to S.E. and empties into the
See also:Parana, and the Dulce, or Saladillo, which has its
See also:sources in the Sierra de Aconquija, crosses the province in the same general direction, and is lost in the
See also:great saline swamps of Porongos, on the Cordoba frontier . The
See also:climate is extremely hot, the maximum temperature being 111° (Mulhall), minimum 32°, and the mean
See also:annual 71°, with an annual rainfall of 25 in .
See also:Sugar, wheat,
See also:Indian corn,
See also:tobacco and hides are the
See also:principal products, and
See also:cotton, which was grown here under the Incas, is still produced . The province is traversed by the Tucuman extension of the Buenos Aires and
See also:Rosario railway, by a French
See also:line from Santa Fe to Tucuman, and by a branch of the Central
See also:Northern (Cordoba section) railway . The provincial capital,
See also:SANTIAGO DEL ESTERO, is on the
See also:bank of the Rio Dulce, 745 M . N.W. of Buenos Aires, with which it is connected by
See also:rail . Pop .
(1904, estimated) 12,000, chiefly of Indian descent . Thecity stands on a level open plain, 520 ft. above
See also:sea-level, and in the vicinity of large swamps (esteros) bordering the Rio Dulce, from which its name is derived . There are a number of interesting old buildings in the city—a
See also:house, several churches, a Jesuit
See also:college, a Franciscan convent and a girls' orphanage . The city was founded in 1553 by Francisco de Aguirre and was the first capital of the province of Tucuman, the earliest settled of the La
See also:Plata provinces . In 1615 the
See also:cathedral was accidentally burnt and the
See also:bishop removed to Cordoba . The city has suffered much through inundations from the Rio Dulce, and from frequent
See also:local revolutions caused by misgovernment and the struggles of
See also:rival factions . In 1663 an inundation carried away
See also:half the capital, and the population was so reduced that in 168o the seat of government was removed to
See also:Miguel, now Tucuman . In 182o Santiago del Estero became a
See also:separate province . ' See F . E .
See also:Chadwick, The Relations between the
See also:United States and Spain:
See also:Diplomacy (New
See also:York, 1909) .
SANTIAGO DE LAS VEGAS
SANTIAGO, or SANTIAGO DE CHILE
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