See also:port of entry and the
See also:county-seat of
See also:San Diego county, in S . California, U.S.A., on the Pacific Ocean, about to m . N. of the Mexican border, and about 126 m . (by
See also:rail) S.E. of Los Angeles . Pop . (188o) 2637; (1890) 16,159; (1900) 17,700, of whom 3768 were
See also:born; (1910
See also:census) 39,578 . It is served by numerous steamship lines and by the
See also:Topeka &
See also:Santa Fe, the Los Angeles & San Diego
See also:Beach, the San Diego
See also:Southern, and the San Diego, Cuyamaca & Eastern
See also:railways . A railway between Yuma,
See also:Arizona, and San Diego was under construction in 1910 . The
See also:harbour, next to that of San Francisco the best in California, has an
See also:area of some 22 sq. m . The Federal
See also:government has made various improvements in the harbour,
See also:building a
See also:jetty 7500 ft. long on Zuninga Shoal at the entrance and making a channel 225 ft. wide and 27-28 ft. deep at low
See also:tide . The city site, which is a
See also:strip of
See also:land 25 M. long and 2 to 4 M. wide, is nearly level near the
See also:bay . San Diego is the seat of a State Normal School and has a Carnegie library .
There is a coaling station of the
See also:United States
See also:Navy, and the United States government maintains a garrison in Fort Rosecrans . At Coronado (pop . 1900, 935) across the bay are Coronado Beach, and the Hotel del Coronado, with
See also:fine botanical and
See also:Japanese gardens; on the beach
See also:people live in tents except in the stormier
See also:season . Within the city, on the top of Point Loma, is the Theosophical Institution of the " Universal Brotherhood." San Diego has one of the most equable climates in the
See also:world, and there are several sanatoriums here . The economic interests centre in fruit culture, especially the raising of citrus fruits and of raisin grapes . There are also warehouses, foundries,
See also:lumber yards, saw-mills and planing-mills —logs are rafted here from
See also:Washington and
See also:Oregon .
See also:National City (pop . 1900, 1086), adjoining San Diego on the S. and the S.
See also:terminus of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe
See also:system, has large interests in lemon packing and the manufacture of oil, citric acid and other lemon by-products . In 1905 the
See also:total value of the factory products of the city was $1,974,430 (194'8 % more than in 19O0) . San Diego is under the commission
See also:form of government; in 1905 the city secured as a
See also:charter right the power to " recall " by petition any unsatisfactory city official and to elect another in his place, and the initiative and
See also:referendum were incorporated in the charter, but were practically inoperative for several years . By a charter amendment of 1909, the city is governed by a commission of a mayor and five councilmen, elected at large . About 4 M .
N. of the business centre of San Diego is the site of the first
See also:Spanish settlement in Upper California . It was occupied in
See also:April 1769; a Franciscan "
See also:mission " (the earliest of twenty-one established in California) was founded on the 16th of
See also:July, and a military presidio somewhat later . San Diego began the first revolution against
See also:Governor M .
See also:Victoria and Mexican authority in 1831, but was intensely loyal in opposition to Governor J . B .
See also:Alvarado and the
See also:northern towns in 1836 . It was made a port of entry in 1828 . In 184o it had a population of 140 . It was occupied by the
See also:American forces in July 1846, and was reoccupied in
See also:November after temporary dispossession by the Californians, no
See also:blood being
See also:shed in these disturbances . In r85o it was incorporated as a city, but did not grow, and lost its charter in 1852 . In 1867 it had only a dozen inhabitants . A land
See also:promoter, A .
See also:Horton (d . 1909), then laid out a new city about 3 M . S. of the old . Its population increased to 2300 in 1870, and this new San Diego was incorporated in 1872, and was made a port of entry in 1873 . The old
See also:town still has many ruined
See also:adobe houses, and the old " mission " is fairly well pre-served . The prosperity of 1867–1893 was followed by a disastrous
See also:crash in 1873–1874, and little progress was made until 1884, when San Diego was -cached by the Santa Fe railway system . After 1900 the growth of the city was again very rapid .
SAN CRISTOBAL (formerly called SAN CRISTOBAL DE Los...
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.