See also:town of Tuscany, Italy, in the province of
See also:Siena, 24 M . N.W. of Siena, at an
See also:elevation of Io89 ft . Pop . (19or) 4060 (town); 1o,o66 (commune) . Being surrounded by its
See also:ancient walls, and retaining thirteen out of its
See also:original fifty towers, it is, with its predominantly
See also:Gothic architecture, a thoroughly
See also:medieval town in appearance . In the council chamber of the town-
See also:hall (1288-1323) is a
See also:fresco by Lippo Memmi of the Madonna enthroned of 1317, copied closely from the similar fresco (the " Majestas ") by his
See also:Simone di Martino in the Palazzo Pubblico at Siena; there is also a curious frescoed
See also:frieze of 1291, with knights in
See also:armour . The museum in the same
See also:building contains pictures and other
See also:objects of
See also:art . The tower is the highest in the town (174 ft.), while the Torre dell' Orologio (167 ft.) close by marks the height beyond which private individuals might not build . In the same piazza is the Collegiata (the former
See also:cathedral) of the 12th century, enlarged after 1466 by Giuliano da Maiano, whose
See also:brother Benedetto erected the
See also:chapel of S . Fina from his plans in 1468, and carved the
See also:fine marble
See also:altar, the original
See also:painting and
See also:gilding of which are still preserved . The marble
See also:ciborium, a small
See also:reproduction of the splendid one in S . Domenico at Siena, is also by Benedetto .
The beautiful frescoes with scenes from the
See also:life of the
See also:saint (a
See also:local saint who died at the age of fifteen) are the earliest
See also:work of Domenico Ghirlandaio, completed before 1475 . There are also some frescoes of his
See also:cousin Bastiano Mainardi (d . 1513) . The cathedral contains other 14th-century and early
See also:Renaissance paintings, the former including some Passion scenes, the only certain work of Barna da Siena, and some fine
See also:choir stalls . S . Agostino (1280-1298) contains a famous series of seventeen frescoes by Benozzo
See also:Gozzoli, with scenes from the life of St Augustine (1463-1467) . They have been to some extent restored . The altar of S . Bartoldus, by Benedetto da Maiano, is not unlike that in the Collegiata (1494) . The town was
See also:independent in the 13th century, but in 1353, owing to the dissensions of the Salvucci (Ghibellines) and Ardinghelli (Guelphs), it fell into the hands of Florence . See R . Pantini,
See also:San Gimignano e
See also:Certaldo (Bergamo, 1905) .
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