See also:Argentina, bounded N. and E. by La
See also:Rioja, S. by
See also:San Luis and
See also:Mendoza, and W. by Chile, from which it is separated by the Andean Cordilleras .
See also:Area, 33,715 sq. m.; pop . (1904, estimate) 99,955• It is roughly mountainous, and belongs to the closed drainage
See also:basin of western Argentina, centring in the province of Mendoza . It is traversed by several
See also:rivers, fed by the melting snows of the
See also:Andes and discharging into the swamps and lagoons in the S.E.
See also:part of the province, the largest of which are the Huanacache lagoons . The largest of these rivers are the Vermejo, Zanj6n or Jachal and San Juan . They are all used for irrigation . The
See also:climate is extremely hot and dry in summer, but the winter temperature is mild and pleasant .
See also:Agriculture is the
See also:principal occupation of its inhabitants, though the
See also:soil is generally sterile and the rainfall uncertain and very
See also:light . Cereals are grown in some localities, and there are large vineyards where irrigation is possible, from which excellent
See also:wine is made . The province contains gold,
See also:silver, copper, iron, lead,
See also:coal and
See also:salt, but
See also:mining has never been
See also:developed to any extent . Pastoral interests are largely in feeding
See also:cattle for the Chilean markets, for which large areas of
See also:alfalfa are grown in the irrigated valleys of the Andes . The
See also:Great Western railway connects Mendoza with the capital of the province, and with the principal cities of the republic .
The capital of the province is SAN JUAN, once called SAN JUAN DE LA FRONTERA (pop . 1904, estimate, I1,500), in a great
See also:bend of the San Juan
See also:river, 95 M . N. of Mendoza and 730 M. from Buenos Aires by
See also:rail . The great bend of the river affords easy irrigation, and the surrounding
See also:country is covered by a network of irrigating canals, even the paved streets of the
See also:town having streams of cool
See also:running through them . The public buildings include a
See also:cathedral, three churches, .and several
See also:schools, including the " Escuela Sarmiento, " a
See also:fine edifice with a Greek
See also:facade, named after
See also:President Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (1811-1886), who was a native of this city . There is also a botanical
See also:garden . San Juan was founded in 1561 by Juan Yufre, a
See also:companion of Captain
See also:Castillo, the founder of Mendoza . Both came from Chile, to which these outlying colonies were at first subject . From 1776 to 1820 it was governed from Mendoza, and then a popular uprising made the province
See also:independent and the town its capital . It has suffered severely from
See also:political disorders, and in 1894 was nearly destroyed by an
See also:earthquake . The
See also:original settlement, now called
See also:Pueblo Viejo, 4 M . N., was abandoned on account of frequent inundations .
See also:present town is situated about 2165 ft. above
See also:sea-level and is defended from inundations by an
See also:embankment above the town, called the Murallon . San Juan exports wine, and has a profitable
See also:trade with Chile over the Patos and Uspallata passes .
SAN JOSE, or SAN JOSE DE COSTA RICA
SAN JUAN (SAN JUAN BAUTISTA DE PUERTO RIco)
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