See also:southern Spain, in the province of Cadiz; 27 M. by
See also:sea from Cadiz, on the
See also:bank of the Guadalquivir estuary, and on the Puerto de
See also:Santa Maria-
See also:San Lucar and Jerez de la Frontera-Bonanza
See also:railways . Pop . (1900) 23,883 . The
See also:town is divided into two parts, Alta (" upper ") and Baja ("
See also:lower "); for it is built partly on the
See also:foreshore, partly on the rising ground to the south . The upper
See also:part is the older; it culminates in the ruins of a Moorish citadel . On the outskirts are many villas surrounded by
See also:pine, palm and orange groves, and often occupied in summer by families from Seville, who come to San Lucar for the excellent sea-bathing . The 14th-century
See also:church and the palace of the dukes of Medina Sidonia contain many valuable pictures . The hospital of St
See also:George was established by
See also:Henry VIII. of England in 1517 for
See also:English sailors . The Guadalquivir estuary is deep and sheltered, and lighted by four lighthouses . Bonanza, 2 M. by
See also:rail up the
See also:river, and on the same bank, is the headquarters of the
See also:shipping and fishing trades . It is named after a
See also:chapel dedicated here by the South
See also:Company of Seville to the Virgin of
See also:Weather (Virgen de la Bonanza) . The
See also:fisheries and agricultural
See also:trade of San Lucar are considerable; there are
See also:flour mills in the town and a
See also:dynamite factory among the surrounding sandhills .
See also:Coal is imported from
See also:Great Britain,
See also:sulphur from France . The imports include
See also:sherry, manzanilla and other wines,
See also:salt, oats and fruit . Inscriptions: and ruins prove that San Lucar and Bonanza were
See also:Roman settlements, though the
See also:original names are unknown . San Lucar was captured from the Moors in 1264, after an occupation lasting more than five and a
See also:half centuries . After 1492 it became an important centre of trade with
See also:America . From this
See also:Columbus sailed across the
See also:Atlantic in 1498, and
See also:Magellan started in 1519 to circumnavigate the
See also:world .
SAN JUAN (or HARD) ISLANDS
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