See also:Argentina, bounded N. by
See also:Rioja, E. by Cordoba, S. by the La
See also:Pampa territory and W. by
See also:Mendoza .
See also:Area, 28,535 sq. m . Pop . (1904, estimated) 97,458 .
See also:San Luis belongs partly to the semi-arid pampa region, and partly to the mountainous region of the eastern
See also:Andes and Cordoba whose ranges terminate between the 33rd and 34th
See also:parallels . It is one of the least important of the
See also:Argentine provinces because of its aridity and lack of available resources . The rough
See also:northern districts, where an occasional stream affords irrigation for a fertile
See also:soil, are noted for a remarkably
See also:uniform, dry, mild and healthful
See also:climate . The Rio Quinto has its
See also:sources in these ranges; the Desaguadero, or Salado, forms its western boundary; and the Conlara flows northward among its broken ranges to the
See also:great Salinas of western Cordoba . Only in the mountains are these streams available, as they soon become impregnated with saline
See also:matter on the plains . The
See also:part of the province is a great, arid, saline plain, practically uninhabitable . Agri-culture and grazing occupy some
See also:attention in the
See also:north, but are handicapped by lack of
See also:water . The mountains are
See also:rich inminerals, however, and a number of gold mines have been opened .
The exports include
See also:cattle, hides, skins, wool and
See also:ostrich feathers . The capital is San Luis (pop . 1904, about 10,500) on the Arroyo Chorillos, a little S. of the cerro called Punta de los Venados, 374 M. by
See also:rail (the Argentine Great Western) W. of
See also:Rosario, and magnificently situated on a
See also:plateau 2490 ft. above
See also:sea-level . Next in importance is the
See also:town of Mercedes or
See also:Villa Mercedes (pop . 1904, about 6000) on the Rio Quinto, an important railway junction where the
See also:railways from Buenos Aires, Rosario, Mendoza and San Jose unite . San Luis, the capital, was founded in 1697 by
See also:Martin de
See also:Loyola and was for nearly 200 years only a frontier outpost . It suffered much in the
See also:wars of 1831-1865 .
SAN LUCAR (or SANLO'CAR DE BARRAMEDA)
SAN LUIS POTOSI
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