See also:Las Hamacas, on the
See also:river Asalguate, at an altitude of 2115 ft., and 30 M. inland from the Pacific . Pop . (1905) about 6o,000 .
See also:San Salvador is connected by
See also:rail with
See also:Ana on the
See also:north-west and with the Pacific ports of La
See also:Libertad and Acajutla . In addition to the
See also:government offices, its buildings include a handsome university, a wooden
See also:cathedral, a
See also:national theatre, an academy of science and literature, a chamber of commerce, and astronomical
See also:observatory and a number of hospitals and charitable institutions . There are two large parks and an excellent botanical
See also:garden . In the Plaza Morazan, the largest of many shady squares, is a handsome
See also:bronze and marble
See also:monument to the last
See also:president of
See also:united Central
See also:America, from whom the plaza takes its name . San Salvador is the only city in the republic which has important manufactures; these include the production of
See also:soap, candles, ice, shawls and scarves of
See also:cloth, cigars,
See also:flour and
See also:spirits . The city is admirably policed, has an abundant
See also:water supply, and can in many respects compare favourably with the smaller provincial capitals of
See also:Europe and America . It was founded by Don Jorge de
See also:Alvarado in 1528, at a spot near the
See also:present site, to which it was transferred in 1539 . Except for the
See also:year 1839-1840 it has been the capital of the republic since 1834 . It was temporarily ruined by earthquakes in 1854 and 1873 .
SANS-CULOTTES (French for " without
See also:knee-breeches "), the
See also:term originally given during the early years of the French Revolution to the
See also:ill-clad and ill-equipped
See also:volunteers of the Revolutionary army, and later applied generally to the ultra-democrats of the Revolution . They were for the most
See also:part men of the poorer classes, or leaders of the populace, but during the Terror public functionaries and persons of
See also:education styled themselves citoyens sans-culottes . The distinctive
See also:costume of the typical sans-culotte was the pantalon (long
See also:trousers)—in place of the culottes worn by the upper classes—the carmagnole (
See also:short-skirted coat), the red cap of liberty and sabots (wooden shoes) . The influence of the Sans-culottes ceased with the reaction that followed the fall of Robespierre (
See also:July 1994), and the name itself was proscribed . In the Republican
See also:Calendar the complementary days at the end of the year were at first called Sans-culottides; this name was, however, suppressedby the
See also:Convention when the constitution of the year III . (1795) was adopted, that of jours complementaires being substituted .
SAN SEBASTIAN (Basque Iruchulo)
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