Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 156 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SAN SEVERO, a city in Apulia, Italy, in the province of Foggia, from which it is 17 M. N.N.W. by rail. Pop. (19o1) 28,550. San Severo lies at the foot of the spurs of Monte Gargano, 292 ft. above sea-level. It is the see of a bishop (since r58o), and has some remains of its old fortifications. San Severo dates from the middle ages. It was laid in ruins by Frederick II., and in 1053 was the scene of a victory by Robert Guiscard over the papal troops under Leo IX. In 1799 the town was taken by the French and again almost entirely destroyed. The over-lordship was held in succession by the Benedictines of the abbey of Torre Maggiore, the Knights Templars, the crown of Naples and the Sangro family (commendatories of Torre Maggiore). In 1627, 1828 and 1851 the town suffered from earthquakes. SAN-SHUI, a treaty port in the province of Kwang-tung, China, on the left bank of the West river, 99 M. from Canton, opened to foreign trade in 1897. Pop. about 5coo: Its position is at the junction of the North and West rivers, and it is favourably situated as a distributing centre for foreign goods. Two lines of steamers converge at San-shui, from Canton and Hong-Kong respectively. The town is surrounded by a handsome wall built in the 16th century, but within this rampart the houses are mean. The foreign trade shows little signs of expansion. In 1902 the net foreign imports amounted in value to £474,175, and in 1904 to only £380,000, while the exports during the same two years amounted to £225,000 and £317,000 respectively. The direct foreign trade in 1908 was £507,827. There is a large junk traffic, and the local likin station is one of the richest in the province.
End of Article: SAN SEVERO
SAN SEVERINO (anc. Septempeda)

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