SAO LEOPOLDO , acity of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, on the
See also:bank of the Rio dos Sinos, sod m. by
See also:rail N. of
See also:Porto Alegre . It is the chief
See also:town of a municipio (commune) of the same name, having an
See also:area of about 347 sq. m. and inhabited chiefly by German colonists . Pop . (1900) of the city, 11,015; of the municipio, 32,600 . Sao Leopoldo has
See also:river and railway communication with Porto Alegre . It is a prosperous
See also:industrial town, with broad straight streets and substantial buildings . It has
See also:schools, and its
See also:college ranks high throughout
See also:northern Rio Grande . Among its manufactures are matches, hats, boots and shoes,
See also:liqueurs and artificial drinks,
See also:leather and leather-
See also:work and earthenware . In the sur-rounding districts
See also:cattle and hogs are raised, and jerked
See also:beef, hides, pork,
See also:lard, potatoes, beans, farinha de mandioca (
See also:Indian corn,
See also:tobacco and a
See also:great variety of vegetables and fruits are produced . The city was originally a German colony founded by the emperor Pedro I. in 1824 and established at a place known as the Feitoria Real de Canhamo (Royal
See also:flat factory) . The first colonists (26 families and 17 unmarried persons, or 126 souls) arrived on the 25th of
See also:June 1825, and were followed a few months later by another party of 909 colonists . These were the first German colonists in Rio Grande do Sul .
Up to 1830 the arrivals numbered 3701, but the
See also:civil war which broke out in 1835 checked further arrivals and nearly ruined the colony, its inhabitants being forced to serve in the contending forces and their
See also:property being seized . Sao Leopoldo was occupied by the revolutionists for some years and was practically ruined at the termination of the war in 1844 . The introduction of colonists was immediately resumed, however, and the colony was soon as prosperous as ever . The early colonists were engaged in Germany by a representative of the Brazilian
See also:government, and were given
See also:free transportation, 130 acres of
See also:land each, farming implements, seeds, and a
See also:subsidy of 320 reis a
See also:day for the first
See also:year and
See also:half that for the second year . Subsequent settlers received less, but the
See also:system of assisting colonists and making contracts with companies and individuals for their introducton became the settled policy of the
See also:national arid provincial governments .
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