SAO LUIZ , or in full, SAo Lutz DEMARANHAO (also spelt MARANIAM), a seaport of
See also:northern Brazil, capital of the state of Maranhao, on the W. side of an
See also:island of the same name, in 2° 30' S., 440 17' W., about 300 M . E.S.E. of Belem (Path) . Pop. of the whole island (1890) 29,308; (1908, estimate) 32,000 . An important
See also:part of the population is made up of the planters of the state, who live in
See also:town and leave their estates to the care of overseers . The island of Maranhao lies off the mouths of the
See also:rivers Mearim and Itapicurfi, between the
See also:Bay of Sao Marcos on the W. and the Bay of Sao Jose on the E., and is separated from the mainland by a small channel called the Canal do Mosquito . It is irregular in outline, its greatest length from N.E. to S.W. being 34 m., and its greatest breadth 19 m . Its
See also:surface is broken by a number of low hills and
See also:short valleys . The city is built upon aetongue of
See also:land between two small estuaries, Anil and Bacanga, which unite and open upon the Bay of Sao Marcos . It covers two low hills and the intervening valley, the transverse streets sloping sharply to the estuary on either side . These slopes make it difficult to use vehicles in the streets, but they afford a natural surface drainage which makes Sao Luiz cleaner and more healthy than the
See also:coast towns of tropical Brazil usually are . The city is regularly laid out with comparatively wide
See also:longitudinal, and steep, narrow transverse streets, roughly paved and provided with sidewalks . The buildings are of the old Portuguese type, with massive walls of broken
See also:stone and
See also:mortar, having an outside finish of
See also:plaster or glazed tiles and
See also:roofs of red tiles .
See also:principal public buildings are the
See also:cathedral, a large and severely plain structure, the episcopal palace, the Carmelite
See also:church, the
See also:government palace, town
See also:house, hospital, and a number of asylums, convents and charitable
See also:schools . An excellent
See also:lyceum and a church seminary are the most important educational institutions, and Sao Luiz long enjoyed a high reputation in Brazil for the culture of its in-habitants . The
See also:trade of Sao Luiz was once very important, but the commercial activity of Para and Fortaleza, the decay of agricultural
See also:industry in the state, and the silting up of its
See also:harbour, have occasioned a decline in its commerce . Its exports comprise
See also:sugar and
See also:rice . Communication with the mainland and interior towns is by means of small steamers . Sao Luiz was founded in 1612 by La Rivardiere, a French officer commissioned by
See also:Henri IV. to establish a colony in this vicinity . The French colony was expelled in 1615 by the Portuguese, who, in turn, surrendered to the Dutch in 1641 . In 1644 the Dutch abandoned the island, when the Portuguese resumed possession and held the city to the end of their colonial
See also:rule in Brazil . The city became the seat of a bishopric in 1679 .
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.