See also:Dragon of
See also:Albania," the
See also:national hero of the Albanians, was the son of
See also:John (Giovanni) Castriota,
See also:lord of Kroia and of the Mirdite
See also:country in
See also:northern Albania, and of a Servian princess named Vaisava . His actual name was
See also:George (Giorgio) Castriota, and the name of Iskender Bey (
See also:Alexander) was given to him by the
See also:Turks in complimentary reference to Alexander the
See also:Great . In 1423, when
See also:Murad II. invaded
See also:Epirus, George Castriota, with his three
See also:brothers, was handed over as a
See also:hostage to the Turks and sent to be trained in the service of the seraglio . His brilliant qualities of mind and
See also:body at once gained 'him the favour of the sultan; he became a Mussulman, was promoted to high military command and, though barely nineteen years of age, to the
See also:government of a sanjak . He remained in the
See also:Ottoman service for twenty years, dissembling his resentment when, on the
See also:death of his
See also:father, his principality was annexed and his brothers poisoned . In 1443, however, his opportunity came with Janos
See also:Hunyadi's victory at
See also:Nish . He seized Kroia by stratagem, proclaimed himself a Christian, and gathered the
See also:wild Albanian clansmen about him . In the inaccessible fastnesses of Albania he maintained a guerilla warfare against the Turks during nearly twenty-five years, easily routing the armies sent against him, and is said to have slain three thousand Turks with his own
See also:hand . In 1461 Murad's successor Mahommed II. acknowledged him by a temporary truce as lord of . Albania and Epirus . He died in 1467 at Alessio, and his
See also:tomb was long the
See also:object of a superstitious veneration on the
See also:part of the Turks . Scanderbeg's resistance to the
See also:Turkish advance was invaluable to the cause of
See also:Christianity, but the union which he had maintained in Albania did not survive him .
He was succeeded in Kroia by his son, Giovanni Castriota, who in 1474 sold the princi- pality to the Venetians, by whom four years later it was re-sold to the Turks . See Georges T . Petrovitch, Scander-beg (Georges Castriota) Essai de bibliographie raisonnee; Ouvrages sur Scander-beg ecrits en langues francaise, anglaise,allemande, latine, italienne, &c . (
See also:Paris, 1881); Pisko, Skanderbeg, historische Studie (Vienna, 1895) .
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