Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 299 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SCANTLING, measurement or prescribed size, dimensions, particularly used of timber and stone and also of vessels. In regard to timber the scantling is the thickness and breadth, the sectional dimensions; in the case of stone the dimensions of thickness, breadth and length; in shipbuilding the collective dimensions of the various parts. The word is a variation of scantillon," a carpenter's or mason's measuring tool, also used of the measurements taken by it, and of a piece of timber of small size cut as a sample. The 0. Fr. escantillon, mod: echantillon, is usually taken to be related to Ital. scandaglio, sounding-line (Lat. scandere, to climb; cf. scansio, the metrical scansion). It was probably influenced by cancel, cantle, a small piece, a corner piece. The English form " scantling " was no 2 Cf J. A. Lundell, " Skandinavische Mundarten " (Grundriss der germanischen Philologie; 2. Aufl. 1901). s The substance of these researches was presented in' a magazine, called Norvegia (1887), which employed an alphabet invented by Storm. doubt partly due to a confusion with " scant," stinted, of short I measure; this is for scamt, cf. " skimpy," " scamp " (q.v.), and is related to O.N. skammr, short, brief.
End of Article: SCANTLING
atomic weight 44.1 SCANDIUM [symbol Sc (0=16)]

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