Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 305 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SCAUP, the wild-fowler's ordinary abridgment of SCAUP-DUCK, meaning a duck so called " because she feeds upon Scaup, i.e. broken shell-fish," as may be seen in F. Willughby's Ornithology (p. 365); but it would be more proper to say that the name comes from the " mussel-scaups," or " mussel-scalps," the beds of rock or sand on which mussels are aggregated. It is the Anas manila of Linnaeus and Fuligula manila of modern systematic writers, a very abundant bird around the coasts of most parts of the northern hemisphere, repairing inland in spring for the purpose of reproduction, though so far as is positively known hardly but in northern districts, as Iceland, Lapland, Siberia and the fur-countries of America. The scaup-duck has consider-able likeness to the pochard (q.v.), both in habits and appearance; but it much more generally affects salt-water, and the head of the male is black, glossed with green; hence the name of " Black-head," by which it is commonly known in North America, where, however, a second species or race, smaller than the ordinary one, is also found, the Fuligula affinis. The female scaup-duck can be readily distinguished from the dunbird or female pochard by her broad white face. (A. N.)
End of Article: SCAUP
PAUL SCARRON (1610-166o)

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