Online Encyclopedia

SCHISM

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 327 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SCHISM  , a

division, especially used of a formal separation from a church or religious
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body, a
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sect, or church formed by such separation . The Greek vxivµa, a cleft, split, from vA"eev, to cleave, is used in the New Testament of an actual
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rent in a garment (Matt. ix . 16) and also several times of divisions or differences of opinion as to the teaching and message of Christ (John vii . 43) or of dissension in the church (r
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Cor. xi . 18) In the early Christian Church, as defined by the Fathers, and later, the offence of " schism " is distinguished from that of "
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heresy "; it refers not to differences of belief or
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doctrine, but to the promotion, or the state, of divisions of organisation, and to the formation of bodies
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separate from the true church, or to dissensions and separations due to disputes over'matters of discipline or authority (see HERESY) . The dispute which lea to the separation of the Latin and Greek Churches is known as the "
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Great Schism," and the division over the election to the Papacy of Urban VI. and Clement VII. as the " Great Schism of the West " (1378—1417) (see PAPACY and CHURCH
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HISTORY) .

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SCHISTS (Gr. vxq'ecv, to split)

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