SCHISM , adivision, especially used of a formal separation from a
See also:church or religious
See also:body, a
See also:sect, or church formed by such separation . The Greek vxivµa, a cleft, split, from vA"eev, to cleave, is used in the New Testament of an actual
See also:rent in a garment (Matt. ix . 16) and also several times of divisions or differences of opinion as to the teaching and
See also:message of Christ (
See also:John vii . 43) or of dissension in the church (r
See also:Cor. xi . 18) In the early Christian Church, as defined by the Fathers, and later, the offence of " schism " is distinguished from that of "
See also:heresy "; it refers not to differences of belief or
See also:doctrine, but to the promotion, or the state, of divisions of organisation, and to the formation of bodies
See also:separate from the true church, or to dissensions and separations due to disputes over'matters of discipline or authority (see HERESY) . The dispute which
See also:lea to the separation of the Latin and Greek Churches is known as the "
See also:Great Schism," and the division over the election to the Papacy of Urban VI. and
See also:Clement VII. as the " Great Schism of the West " (1378—1417) (see PAPACY and CHURCH
See also:HISTORY) .
JOHANN WILHELM SCHIRMER (1807-1865)
SCHISTS (Gr. vxq'ecv, to split)
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