Online Encyclopedia

SCUTARI (anc. Scodra, Slay. Skadar, A...

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Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 518 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SCUTARI (anc. Scodra, Slay. Skadar, Albanian Shkoder, or with the definite article Shkedr-a), the capital of the vilayet of Scutari and principal city of Albania, European Turkey; op the south-eastern shore of Lake Scutari, near the confluence of the Drin and Boyana rivers, and 14 M. inland from the Adriatic Sea. Pop. (1905) about 32,000. The plain in which Scutari is built extends southwards to Alessio and northwards to the Montenegrin frontier. It is enclosed by lofty mountains, on every side except where it adjoins the lake. It is very liable to be flooded, and this liability was greatly increased towards the close of the 19th century by the deflection of the Drin and its junction with the Boyana. Its bazaar and mosques give Scutari an oriental appearance, but the finest of its buildings are Italian—an old Venetian citadel on a high crag, and a Roman Catholic cathedral. The city is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop and a Jesuit college and seminary, which are subsidized by the Austrian government. The trade of Scutari tends to decline and to be diverted to Salonica and other ports connected with the main European railways. Grain, wool, hides and skins, tobacco and sumach are exported; arms and cotton stuffs are manufactured; and textiles, metals, pro-visions and hardware are imported. Large quantities of a kind of sardine, called scoranze by the Italians and seraga by the Albanians, are caught in the Boyana and cured for export or home consumption. The Boyana is navigable by small sea-going vessels as far as Oboti, 12 M. from its mouth; cargoes for Scutari are then transhipped into light river craft. The steamers of the Anglo-Montenegrin_ trading company ply on the lake. Livy relates that Scodra was chosen as capital by the Illyrian king Gentius, who was here besieged in 168 n.e., and carried captive to Rome. In the 7th century Scutari fell into the hands of the Servians, from whom it was wrested by. the Venetians, and finally, in 1479, the Turks acquired it by treaty.
End of Article: SCUTARI (anc. Scodra, Slay. Skadar, Albanian Shkoder, or with the definite article Shkedr-a)
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