Online Encyclopedia

SCUTTLE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 519 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SCUTTLE, a term formerly applied to a broad flat dish or platter; it represents the 0. Eng. scutel, cognate with Ger. Schussel, dish, derived from Lat. scutella, a square salver or tray, dim. of scutra, a platter, probably allied to scutum, the large oblong shield, as distinguished from the clypeus, the small round shield. The name survives in the coal-scuttle, styled " purdonium " in English auctioneers' catalogues, which now assumes various forms. " Scuttle " in this sense must be distinguished from the word meaning a small opening in the deck or side of a ship, either forming a hatchway or cut through the covering of the hatchway; from which to "scuttle " a ship means to cut a hole in the bottom so that she sinks. This word is an adaptation of O. Fr. escoutille, mod. ecoutille, from Span. escotilla, dim. of escoti, a sloping cut in a garment about the neck. The Spanish word is cognate with Du. school, Ger. Schoss, lap, bosom, properly the flap or projecting edge of a garment about the neck, 0. Eng. sceat, whence " sheet." The colloquial " scuttle," in the sense of hurrying away, is another form of " scuddle," frequentative of " scud," to run, which, like its variant " scoot," is another form of " shoot."
End of Article: SCUTTLE
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