SEES , a
See also:town of
See also:north-western France, in the department of
See also:Orne, on the
See also:river Orne 3 M. from its source and 13 M . N.N.E. of
See also:Alencon by
See also:rail . Pop . (1906) town, 2612; commune, 3982 . The town is a
See also:bishop's see and has a
See also:cathedral remarkable for the boldness of its architecture . The
See also:dates from the 13th and 14th centuries and occupies the site of three earlier churches . The west front, which is disfigured by the buttresses projecting beyond it, has two stately
See also:spires of open
See also:work 230 ft. high . The
See also:nave was built towards the end of the 13th century . The
See also:choir, built soon afterwards, is remarkable for the lightness of its construction . In the choir are four bas-reliefs of
See also:great beauty representing scenes in the
See also:life of the Virgin; and the
See also:altar is adorned with another depicting the removal of the
See also:relics of St
See also:Gervais and St Protais . The church has constantly been the
See also:object of restoration and reconstruction . Other noteworthy buildings are the episcopal palace (1778), with a
See also:chapel; the higher seminary, located in the old abbey of St
See also:Martin (sup-posed to be one of the fourteen or fifteen monasteries founded in the 6th century by St Evroult); and the sumptuous
See also:modern chapel of the Immaculate Conception, a resort of pilgrims .
The first bishop of Sees (Saium, Sagium) was St Lain, who lived about the 4th century . In the 9th century Sees was a fortified town andfell a
See also:prey to the
See also:Normans . At that
See also:period Sees consisted of two distinct parts, separated by the Orne—the bishop's burgh, and to the south, the new or count's burgh (Bourg le Comte) . From 1356 the
See also:counts of Alencon were its possessors . It was captured and recaptured in the
See also:wars between
See also:Henry "II. of England and his sons . In the
See also:Hundred Years' War it was one of the first towns of
See also:Normandy to fall into the hands of the
See also:English (1418) . Pillaged by the Protestants during the Wars of Religion, Sees attached itself to the
See also:League in 1589, but voluntarily surrendered to Henry IV. in 1590 .
SIR JOHN ROBERT SEELEY (1834–1895)
ULRICH JASPER SEETZEN (1767-1811)
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