Online Encyclopedia

SEGUR

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 584 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SEGUR, the name of a French family, the first member of which to attain distinction was FRANCOIS DE SEGUR, better known as the seigneur de Sainte-Aulaye (d. c. 16o5), who professed the reformed religion, and was closely associated with Henry IV., becoming in 1576 president of his council. Jean-Isaac, marquis de Segur (d. 1707), fought in most of the campaigns of the France of his time, and remained loyal throughout the troubles of the Fronde. His son, HENRI JOSEPH, marquis de Segur(1661-1737),was lieutenant-general of Champagne and Brie, governor of Foix. In his youth he was the hero of an episode of gallantry with Anne of Beauvilliers, abbess of La Joye, which led to the suggestion that she was none other than the Portuguese nun of the famous Letters. His son, HENRI FRANCOIS, comte de Segur (1689-1751), was colonel at seventeen, when he succeeded to the command of the Segur regiment which his father had raised. In 1718 he began a thirty years' tenure of the lieutenant-generalship of Champagne and Brie. He had married in that year Angelique de Froissy, a natural daughter of the regent, Philip of Orleans, but the death of his father-in-law a few years later prevented his reaping special advancement from his marriage, though Mme de Segur belonged to the inner circle of Louis XV.'s intimates. Segur served in Italy during the war of the Polish Succession under Marshal Villars, and became, in 1736, inspector-general of cavalry. In 1738 he was sent to Nancy as lieutenant-general under Marshal Belle-Isle, and to Bohemia in 1741 with the French troops allied with the Bavarians. But in September 1741 he was compelled by the imperial troops to surrender at Linz. In 1744 he was again sent to Bavaria, and defeated the Austrians at Lichtenau on the 28th of January 1745. He served throughout the Flemish campaigns of 1746 and 1747, and was commandant of Metz at the time of his death (,8th of June 1751). His son, PHILIPPE HENRI, marquis de Segur (1724-1801), marshal of France, his grandson, Louis PHILIPPE, comte de Segur (1753-1830), and Louis Philippe's son PHILIPPE PAUL, comte de Segur (1780—1873), are separately noticed.
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