SEINE , thedepartment of
See also:northern France which has
See also:Paris as its chief
See also:town, formed in 1790 of
See also:part of the province of Ile-de-France . It is entirely surrounded by the department of Seine-et-
See also:Oise, from which it is separated at certain parts by the Seine, the
See also:Marne and the Bievre . The
See also:area of the department is only 185 sq. m., and of this
See also:surface about a
See also:sixth is occupied by Paris; the suburban towns also are close together and very populous . In actual population (3,848,618 in 1906) as well as in
See also:density (23.7 persons per acre) it holds the first place . Flowing from south-east to
See also:north-west through the department, the Seine forms three loops: on the right it receives above Paris ` the Marne, and below Paris the Rouillon, and on the
See also:hand the Bievre within the precincts of the city . The left
See also:bank of the Seine is in general higher than the right, and consists of the Villejuif and
See also:Chatillon plateaus separated by the Bievre; the highest point (56o ft.) is above Chatillon and the lowest (105) at the exit of the Seine . Below Paris the
See also:river flows between the plain of Gennevilliers and
See also:Nanterre (commanded by Mont Valerien) on the left and the plain of St Denis on the right . On the right side, to the east of Paris, are the heights of Avron and
See also:Vincennes commanding the course of the Marne . Communication is further facilitated by canals . Market gardening is the chief agricultural
See also:industry, and by means of irrigation and manuring the
See also:soil is made to yield from ten to eleven crops per annum . Some districts are specially celebrated, Montreuil for its peaches, Fontenay-aux-
See also:Roses for its strawberries and roses, and other places for
See also:flowers and nurseries . The plain of Gennevilliers fertilized by the sewage
See also:water of Paris yields large quantities of vegetables .
Milch-cows are reared in largenumbers . The
See also:principal woods (
See also:Boulogne and Vincennes) belong to Paris . It is partly owing to the number of quarries in the
See also:district that Paris owes its origin: Chatillon and Montrouge in the south yield freestone, and Bagneux and Clamart in the south and Montreuil and Romainville in the east possess the richest
See also:plaster quarries in France . Within the circuit of Paris are certain old quarries now forming the catacombs . Most of the
See also:industrial establishments in the department are situated in Paris or at St Denis (qq.v.) . The department is traversed by all the railway lines which converge in Paris, and also contains the inner circuit railway (Chemin de Fer de Ceinture) and part of the
See also:outer circuit . There are 3 arrondissements (Paris, St Denis, and Sceaux), 41 cantons and 78 communes . The department forms the archiepiscopal
See also:diocese of Paris, falls within the jurisdiction of the Paris
See also:court of
See also:appeal and the academie (educational division) of Paris, and is divided between the II., III., IV., V. and VI carps d'armee . The chief places besides Paris are St Denis,
See also:Aubervilliers, Boulogne-sur-Seine,
See also:Courbevoie, Levallois-Perret, Neuilly-sur-Seine,
See also:Pantin, St Ouen,
See also:Colombes, Charenton, Ivry-sur-Seine, Montreuil-sous-Bois, Nanterre, Nogent-. sur-Marne, Vincennes and
See also:Arcueil .
SEIGNORY, or SEIGNIORY (Fr. seigneur, lord; Lat. se...
SEINE (Lat. Sequana)
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