See also:rivers of France, rising on the eastern slope of the
See also:plateau of
See also:Langres, about 5 m . N.W. of St
See also:Seine-l'Abbaye and 18 m . N.W. of
See also:Dijon . It keeps the same general direction (
See also:north-westwards) throughout its entire course, but has numerous windings: between its source and its mouth in the
See also:English Channel the
See also:direct distance is only 250 m., but that actually traversed by the
See also:river (through the departments of Cote-d'Or,
See also:Marne, Seine-et-Marne, Seine-et-
See also:Oise, Seine,
See also:Eure and Seine-Inferieure) is 482 M . Though shorter than the
See also:Loire and Rhone, and inferior in
See also:volume to the Loire, Rhone and
See also:Gironde, the Seine derives an exceptional importance from the regularity of its flow . This feature is due to the
See also:geological character of its
See also:basin, an
See also:area of 30,000 sq. m., entirely belonging to France (with the exception of a few communes in Belgium), and formed in three-fourths of its extent of permeable strata, which absorb the atmospheric precipitation to restore it gently to the river by perennial springs . At
See also:Paris the
See also:average volume of the river per second is 5300 cub. ft.; after it has received all its tributaries the volume is about 10,60o cub. ft . At Paris it falls as low as 1550 cub. ft., and in exceptional droughts the figure of 1200 is reached . During the
See also:flood of 1658 the volume between the quays at Paris is believed to have risen to 88,000 cub. ft. per second . The height of the river above the normal at Paris was probably on that occasion about 21 ft., whereas in the disastrous floods of
See also:January 1910 it was over 24 ft . Other notable floods are recorded in 1740, 1799, 1802, 1876 and 1883 . Rising at a height of 1545 ft. above
See also:sea-level, at the
See also:base of the statue of a nymph erected on the spot by the city of Paris, the Seine is at first such an insignificant streamlet that it is often dry in summer as far as
See also:Chatillon (705 ft.) some 31 M. from its source .
See also:Bar its
See also:waters feed the Haute-Seine Canal, though navigation thereon only begins at
See also:Troyes . It next passes Wry, and at Marcilly receives the Aube (right), at which point the canal terminates and the river itself is canalized; here it is deflected from its hitherto north-northwesterly to a south-
See also:westerly direction by the heights of the Brie, the base of which it skirts past Nogent and
See also:Montereau . At the latter point it receives the
See also:Yonne, its most important
See also:hand tributary, and is deepened from 5 ft . 3 in. to 6 ft . 6 in . It then resumes its general north-westerly direction, receiving the Loing (left) at Moret; having passed
See also:Melun it is joined at Corbeil by the Essonne (left), and after its junction with the Marne (right), a tributary longer than itself by 31 m. at the confluence, reaches Paris . From this point to the sea its channel has been so deepened that vessels of 9 to 10 ft.
See also:draught can reach the capital . The river then winds through a pleasant
See also:country past St
See also:Cloud, St Denis,
See also:Argenteuil, St Germain, Conflans (where it is joined from the right by the Oise, 56 ft. above the sea), Poissy, Mantes,
See also:Les Andelys, between which and the sea the river is remarkable for its detours, as also in .the vicinity of Paris . At Poses the
See also:tide first begins to be perceptible . It next receives the Eure (left), and passes Pont de l'Arche,
See also:Elbeuf and
See also:Rouen, where the sea navigation commences . The river is dyked below Rouen so as to admit vessels of 20 ft. draught, and large areas have thus been reclaimed for cultivation . At every tide there is a "
See also:bore " (barre or mascaret), ranging usually from 8 to 9 ft., and attaining its maximum from Quillebeuf to Caudebec .
Below Quillebeuf (where the Risle is received from the left) theestuary begins, set with extensive sand-
See also:banks, between which flows a narrow navigable channel . Tancarville (right) is the starting-point of a canal to enable river boats for Havre to avoid the sea passage . The river enters the English Channel between
See also:Honfleur on the left and Havre on the right . The Marne brings to the Seine the waters of the Ornain, the Ourcq, and the Morin; the Oise those of the
See also:Aisne; the Yonne those of the Arman9on . The low
See also:elevation of the bounding hills has rendered it comparatively easy to connect the Seine and its affluents with adjoining river basins by means of canals . The Oise and
See also:Somme are connected to the
See also:Picardy or
See also:Crozat Canal, which in turn is continued to the
See also:Scheldt by means of the St Quentin Canal and the Oise, and to the Sambre by that of Oise and Sambre . Between the Aisne and the Meuse is the
See also:Ardennes Canal, and the Aisne and the Marne are
See also:united by a canal which passes Reims .
SEINE, or SEAN (O. Fr. seigne, mod. seine, Lat. sag...
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