See also:Roman statesman and general, was a native of Nursia in
See also:Sabine territory . After acquiring some reputation in Rome as a jurist and orator, he entered upon a military career . He served under
See also:Marius in rot B.C. at the
See also:battle of
See also:Aquae Sextiae (mod .
See also:Aix) in which the Teutones were decisively defeated . In 97 he was serving in Spain . In 91 he was quaestor in Cisalpine Gaul, and on his return to Rome he would have been elected to the tribuneship but for the decided opposition of Sulla . He now declared for Marius and the democratic party, though of Marius himself as a man he had the worst opinion . He must have been a consenting party to the hideous massacres of Marius and Cinna in 87, though he seems to have done what he could to mitigate their horrors . On Sulla's return from the East in 83,
See also:Sertorius went to Spain, where he represented the Marian or democratic party, but without receiving any definite commission or
See also:appointment . Having been obliged to withdraw to Africa in consequence of the advance of the forces of Sulla over the Pyrenees, he carried on a
See also:campaign in
See also:Mauretania, in which he defeated one of Sulla's generals and captured Tingis (
See also:Tangier) . This success recommended him to the
See also:people of Spain, more particularly to the Lusitanian tribes in the west, whom Roman generals and
See also:governors of Sulla's party had plundered and oppressed . Brave and kindly, and gifted with a rough telling eloquence, Sertorius was just the man to impress them favourably, and the native militia, which he organized, spoke of him as the " new Hannibal." Many Roman refugees and deserters joined him, and with these and his
See also:volunteers he completely defeated one of Sulla's generals and drove Q .
See also:Pius, who had been specially sent against him from Rome, out of Lusitania, or Further Spain as the Romans called it . Sertorius owed much of his success to his statesmanlike ability . His
See also:object was to build up a
See also:government in the
See also:country with the consent and co-operation of the people, whom he 'wished to civilize after the Roman
See also:model . He established a
See also:senate of 300 members,
See also:drawn from Roman emigrants, with probably a sprinkling of the best Spaniards, and surrounded himself with a Spanish bodyguard . For the
See also:children of the chief native families he provided a school at Osca (Huesca), where they received a Roman
See also:education and even adopted the
See also:dress of Roman youths . Strict and severe as he was with his soldiers, he was particularly considerate to the people generally, and made their burdens as
See also:light as possible . It seems clear that he had a
See also:gift for evoking the
See also:enthusiasm of
See also:rude tribes, and we can well understand how the famous
See also:white fawn, a
See also:present from one of the natives, which was his
See also:companion and was supposed to communicate to him the advice of the goddess
See also:Diana, promoted his popularity . For six years he may be said to have really ruled Spain . In 77 he was joined by M . Perperna (or Perpenna) Vento from Rome, with a following of Roman nobles, and in the same
See also:year the great
See also:Pompey (q.v.) was sent to conquer him . Sertorius proved himself more than a match for his adversaries, utterly defeating their
See also:united forces on one occasion near
See also:Saguntum . Pompey wrote to Rome for reinforcements, without which, he said, he and Metellus would be driven out of Spain .
Sertorius was in
See also:league with the pirates in the Mediterranean, was negotiating with the formidable
See also:Mithradates, and was in communication with the insurgent slaves in Italy . But owing to jealousies among the Roman
See also:officers who served under him and the Spaniards of higher
See also:rank he could not maintain his position, and his influence over the native tribes slipped away from him, though he won victories to the last . In 72 he was assassinated at a banquet, Perperna, it seems, being the chief instigator of the deed . See Plutarch's lives of Sertorius and Pompey;
See also:Bell. civ. and Hispanica; the fragments of Sallust; Dio Cassius
See also:xxxvi . 25, 27, 28, xliv . 47; Veil . Pat. ii . 25, 29, 30, 90 .
OLIVIA SERRES (1772-1834)
COMTE JEAUME MATHIEU PHILIBERT SERURIER (1742--1819...
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