Online Encyclopedia

SERVICE TREE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 699 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SERVICE TREE, Pyrus domestica, a native of the Mediterranean region, not infrequently planted in southern Europe for its fruit. It has been regarded as a native of England on the evidence of a single specimen, which has probably been planted, now existing in the forest of Wyre. Though not much cultivated its fruit is esteemed by some persons, and therefore two or three trees may very well be provided with a place in the orchard, or in a sheltered corner of the lawn. The tree is seldom productive till it has arrived at a goodly size and age. The fruit has a peculiar acid flavour, and, like the medlar, is fit for use only when thoroughly mellowed by being kept till it has become bletted. There is a pear-shaped variety, pyriformis, and also an apple-shaped variety, maliformis, both of which may be propagated by layers, and still better by grafting on seedling plants of their own kind. The fruit is sometimes brought to market in winter. The service is nearly allied to the mountain ash, Pyrus Aucuparia, which it resembles in having regularly primate leaves. P. torminalis is the wild service, a small tree occurring locally in woods and hedges from Lancashire southwards; the fruit is sold in country markets. These, with other species, including P. Aria, white beam, so-called from the leaves which are white and flocculent beneath, form the subgenus Sorbus, which -was regarded by Linnaeus as a distinct genus. right of using and enjoying the fruits of property; and (c) and (d) operas servorum sive animalium. Praedial servitudes were either (a) rustic, such as jus eundi, the right of walking or riding along the footpath of another; aquae ductus, the right of passage for water; pascendi, the right of pasture, &c ; or (b) urban. Urban servitudes were of various kinds, as oneris ferendi, the right of using the wall of another to support a man's own wall; projiciendi, the right of building a structure, such as a balcony or verandah, so as to project over another's land; stillicidii, fumy immittendi and several others. Servitudes were created by a disposition inter vivos, or by contract; by testamentary disposition; by the conveyance of land or by prescription. They might be extinguished by destruction of either, the res serviens or the res dominans; by release of the right, or by the vesting of the ownership of the res serviens and res dominans in the same person. In English law there may be certain limited rights over the land of another, corresponding somewhat to servitudes, and termed easements (q.v.). In Scots law the term is still in use (see EAsEMExt).
End of Article: SERVICE TREE
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