SESOSTRIS , the name of a legendary
See also:king of
See also:Egypt . According to
See also:Herodotus, Diodorus Siculus (who calls him Sesoosis) and
See also:Strabo, he conquered the whole
See also:world, even
See also:Scythia and Ethiopia, divided Egypt into administrative districts or nomes, was a
See also:law-giver, and introduced a
See also:system of caste and the worship of
See also:Serapis . He has been considered a compound of Seti I. and Rameses II., belonging to the XIXth
See also:Dynasty . In Manetho,however, he occupied the place of the second Senwosri (formerly read Usertesen) of the XIIth Dynasty, and his name is now usually viewed as a corruption of Senwosri . So far as is known no
See also:Egyptian king penetrated a
See also:journey beyond the
See also:Euphrates or into
See also:Asia Minor, or touched the continent of
See also:Europe . The
See also:kings of the XVIIIth and XIXth dynasties were the greatest conquerors that Egypt ever produced, and their records are clear on this point . Senwosri III. raided south
See also:Palestine and Ethiopia, and at Semna beyond the second
See also:cataract set up a stela of
See also:conquest that in its expressions recalls the stelae of Sesostris in Herodotus: Sesostris may, therefore, be the highly magnified portrait of this
See also:Pharaoh . Khian, the powerful but obscure
See also:Hyksos king of Egypt, whose prenomen might be pronounced Sweserenre,is perhaps a possible prototype, for
See also:objects inscribed with his name have been found from
See also:Bagdad to
See also:Cnossus . Sesostris is evidently a mythical figure calculated to satisfy the
See also:pride of the Egyptians in their
See also:ancient achievements, after they had come into contact with the great conquerors of
See also:Assyria and
See also:Persia . When we recollect that the Ethiopian Tearchus (Tirhaka) of the 7th century B.C., who was hopelessly worsted by the Assyrians and scarcely ventured outside the Nile valley, was credited by Megasthenes (4th century) and Strabo with having extended his conquests as far as India and the pillars of Hercules, it is not surprising if the dim figures of antiquity were magnified to a less degree . In the case of Tearchus, the
See also:miscellaneous levies which he employed himself and those which composed the Egyptian and
See also:Assyrian armies opposed to him, and the lands that Egypt and Ethiopia traded with, must all have been counted, partly through misunderstanding, partly through wilful perversion, to his
See also:empire . Herodotus ii .
102-III ; Diod . Sic. i . 53-59; Strabo xv. p . 687; see alsoarticle EGYPT; and Kurt Sethe, " Sesostris," 1900, in his Linters. z . Gesch. u . Altertumskunde Agyptens, tome ii . (F . L1 .
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