See also:naval station of Russia on the Black
See also:Sea, on the S.W.
See also:coast of the
See also:Crimea,in 44° 37' N. and 330 31' E., 956 M. from Moscow, with which it is connected by
See also:rail via
See also:Kharkov . Pop . (1882) 26,150; (1897) 50,710 . The estuary, which is one of the best roadsteads in
See also:Europe and could accommodate the combined fleets of Europe, is a deep and thoroughly sheltered indentation among chalky cliffs,
See also:running east and west for nearly 4 m., with a width of three-quarters of a mile, narrowing to 930 yds. at the entrance . It has a
See also:depth of 6 to to fathoms, with a
See also:good bottom, and large
See also:ships can anchor at a
See also:cable's length from the
See also:shore . The
See also:main inlet has also four smaller indentations—Quarantine
See also:Bay at its entrance, Yuzhnaya (
See also:Southern) Bay, which penetrates more than r m. to the south, with a depth of 4 to 9 fathoms, Dockyard Bay and
See also:Artillery Bay . A small
See also:river, the Chornaya, enters the
See also:head of the inlet . The main
See also:part of the
See also:town, with an
See also:elevation of 30 to 190 ft., stands on the southern shore of the chief inlet, between Yuzhnaya and Artillery Bays . A few buildings on the other shore of the chief bay constitute the "
See also:northern side." Before the
See also:Crimean War of 1853–56
See also:Sevastopol was a well-built city, beautified by gardens, and had 43,000 inhabitants; but at the end of the
See also:siege it had not more than fourteen buildings which had not been badly injured . After the war many privileges were granted by the
See also:government in
See also:order to attract population and
See also:trade; but both increased slowly, and at the end of seven years the population numbered only 5750 . The
See also:present town is well built and is becoming a favourite watering-place on account of its sea-bathing and numerous sanatoria . It has a zoological marine station (1897), a museum commemorative of the siege (1895), a
See also:cathedral of Classical design and another finished in 1888, monuments of Admirals Nakhimov (1898) and Kornilov (1895) and of General Todleben, and two navigation
See also:schools .
In 1890 Sevastopol was made a third-class fortress, and the commercial
See also:port has been transferred to
See also:Theodosia . The peninsula between the Bay of Sevastopol and the Black Sea was known in the 7th century as the Heracleotic
See also:Chersonese . In the 5th century Inc. a Greek colony was founded here and remained
See also:independent for three centuries, when it became part of the
See also:kingdom of the
See also:Bosporus, and subsequently tributary to Rome . Under the
See also:empire Chersonesus was an administrative centre for its possessions in
See also:Taurida . Vladimir,
See also:prince of Kiev, conquered Chersonesus (Korsun) before being baptized there, and restored it to the Greeks on marrying (988) the princess Anna . Subsequently the Slays were cut. off from relations with Taurida by the
See also:Mongols, and only made occasional raids, such as that of the Lithuanian prince
See also:Olgierd . In the 16th century a new influx of colonists, the Tatars, occupied Chersonesus and founded a settlement named Akhtyar . This
See also:village, after the
See also:conquest in 1783, was selected for the chief naval station of the empire in the Black Sea and received its present name (" the
See also:August City ") . In 1826 strong fortifications were begun . In 1854 the allied
See also:English, French and
See also:Turkish forces laid siege to the southern portion of the town, and on the 17th of
See also:October began a heavy
See also:bombardment . Sevastopol sustained a memorable eleven months' siege, and on the 8th of
See also:September 1855 was evacuated by the Russians . The fortifications were blown up by the
See also:allies, and by the
See also:Paris treaty the Russians were bound not to restore them (see CRIMEAN WAR) .
See also:November 1870, during the Franco-German War, the Russian government decided again to make Sevastopol a naval
See also:arsenal .
JOHANN GOTTFRIED SEUME (1763–181o)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.