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HORATIO SEYMOUR (1810-1886)

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Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 755 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HORATIO SEYMOUR (1810-1886), American statesman, Ohio, South-Western (which has repair shops here), the Pittsburg, was born at Pompey, Onondaga county, New York, on the 31st Cincinnati, Chicago & St Louis, and the Southern Indiana of May 181o. His ancestor, Richard Seymour, a Protestant railways, and by the Indianapolis, Columbus & Southern and Episcopal 'clergyman, was an early settler at Hartford, Connecti- the Indianapolis & Louisville interurban electric lines. The city cut, and his father, Henry Seymour, who removed from Connecti- has a considerable trade in produce, and has various manufactures, cut to New York, was prominent in the Democratic party in including woollen-goods, furniture, carriages and automobiles. the state, being a member of the " Albany Regency " and Seymour was settled in 1854, incorporated as a town in 1864, serving as state senator in 1816-1819 and in 1822, and as canal and chartered as a city in 1867. commissioner in 1819-1831. The son was brought up in Utica, SEYMOUR OF SUDELEY, THOMAS SEYMOUR, BARON studied in 1824-1825 at Geneva Academy (afterwards Hobart (c. 1508-1549), lord high admiral of England, was fourth son of College), and then at a military school in Middletown, Conn., Sir John Seymour of Wolf Hall, Wiltshire, and younger brother and was admitted to the bar in 1832. He was military secretary of the Protector Edward Seymour, 1st duke of Somerset. His to Governor W. L. Marcy in 1833-1839, was a member of sister Jane Seymour became the third wife of Henry VIII. in the New York Assembly in 1842, in 1844 and in 1845, being 1536, and another sister, Elizabeth, married Thomas Cromwell's speaker in 1845; mayor of Utica in 1843, and in 1852 was son. Seymour's connexions thus ensured his promotion, and he elected governor of the state over Washington Hunt_(1811-1867), quickly won the favour of the king, who gave him many grants of the Whig candidate, who had defeated him in 185o. He vetoed land and employed him in the royal household and on diplomatic in 18J4 a bill prohibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors (which missions abroad. From 1540 to 1542 he was at Vienna, and in was declared unconstitutional almost immediately after its re- 1543 in the Netherlands, where he served with distinction in the enactment in 1855), and in consequence he was defeated in 1854 war against France, holding for a short time the supreme corn-for re-election as governor by Myron Holley Clark (1806-1892), mand of the English army. In 1544 he was rewarded with the the Whig and temperance candidate. Seymour was a con- post of master of the ordnance for life, becoming admiral of the servative on national issues and supported the administrations fleet a few months later, in which capacity he was charged with of Pierce and Buchanan; he advocated compromise to avoid guarding the Channel against French invasion. Henry VIII. secession in 186o-1861; but when war broke out he supported left Seymour a legacy by his will, and is said to have directed the maintenance of the Union. In 1863-1865 he was again that he should be raised to the peerage. In February 1547 he governor of New York state. His opposition to President was accordingly created Baron Seymour of Sudeley and appointed Lincoln's policy was mainly in respect to emancipation, military lord high admiral. From this time forward he was mainly arrests and conscription. The president tried to win him over occupied in intrigue against his brother the Protector, of whose early in 1863, but Seymour disapproved of the arrest of C. S. Power he was jealous; and he aimed at procuring for himself the Vallandigham in May, and, although he responded immediately to position of guardian of the young king, Edward VI. Several the call for militia in June, he thought the Conscription Act un- matrimonial projects entered into Seymour's schemes for necessary and unconstitutional and urged the president to gratifying his ambitions. No sooner was Henry VIII. dead than postpone the draft until its legality could be tested. During the lord high admiral tried to secure the princess (afterwards the draft riots in July he proclaimed the city and county of queen) Elizabeth in marriage; and when this project was New York in a state of insurrection, but in a speech to the frustrated he secretly married the late king's widow, Catherine rioters adopted a tone of conciliation—a political error which Parr, whose hand he had vainly sought as early as 1543. He also injured his career.. He was defeated as Democratic candidate took steps to ingratiate himself with Edward, and proposed a for governor in 1864. In 1868 he was nominated presidential marriage between the king and the Lady Jane Grey. He entered candidate by the National Democratic Convention, Francis into relations with pirates on the western coasts, whom it was his P. Blair, Jr., being nominated for the vice-presidency; but duty as lord high admiral to suppress, with a view to securing Seymour and Blair carried only eight states (including New York, their support; and when the Protector invaded Scotland in the New Jersey and Oregon), and received only 8o electoral votes summer of 1547 Seymour fomented opposition to his authority to 214 for Grant and Colfax. Seymour did not re-enter political in his absence. On the death of his wife in September of the life, refusing to be considered for the United States senatorship next year he made renewed attempts to marry the princess from New York in 1876. He died on the 12th of February Elizabeth. Somerset strove ineffectually to save his brother from 1886 in Utica, at the home of his sister, who was the wife of ruin, and in January 1549 Seymour was arrested and sent to the Roscoe Conkling. Tower; he was convicted of treason, and executed on the loth The Public Record of Horatio Seymour (New York, 1868) includes of March 1549. his speeches and official papers between 1856 and 1868. See Sir John Maclean, Life of Sir Thomas Seymour (London,
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