SHAMMAI , a Jewish
See also:scribe of the
See also:time of
See also:King Herod, whom tradition almost invariably couples with
See also:Hillel (q.v.), with whom he stood in striking contrast, not merely in legal-religious decisions and discussions, but also in character and temperament . His
See also:motto (Aboth i . 15) reads: "Make thy study of the Thora a firmly established
See also:duty; say little and do much; and receive every man with friendly countenance." The last admonition is characteristic, as Shammai was choleric and brusque . The opposition between Shammai and Hillel was perpetuated by their respective
See also:schools, till, under
See also:Gamaliel II., the strife was decided at Jabneh in favour of the school of Hillel . (W .
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