See also:medieval forerunner of the oboe, the
See also:treble members of the large
See also:family of
See also:instruments known in Germany as the
See also:Pommer (q.v.), Bombart or Schalmey family . Michael
See also:Praetorius, at the beginning of the 17th century, enumerates the members of this family (see OBOE); the two of highest pitch are Schalmeys, the first or little Schalmey ,being in Bb (third
See also:line) or A, and the second, also called cantus or discant, in E or D below . The
See also:shawm or Schalmey had a compass of two octaves, the second diatonic octave being obtained by overblowing each of the notes of the first octave an octave higher; the chromatic semitones were produced by
See also:half stopping the holes and by
See also:cross-fingering . In some instances the reed mouthpiece was half enclosed in a pirouette, a small case 'laving a slit through which that
See also:part of the reed which is taken into the mouth of the player was alone exposed, the edges of the slit thus forming a
See also:rest for his lips . In the miniatures of the illuminated
See also:MSS. of all countries, more especially from the 14th century, and in early printed books, Schalmeys and Pommers are represented in every conceivable phase of social
See also:life in which
See also:music takes a part . (K .
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