Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 860 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SHINWARI, a Durani Afghan tribe occupying the northern slopes of the Safed Kob below Jalalabad. One clan, the Ali Sher Khel, fall within the British sphere in the North-West Frontier Province of India. They live on the Loargai border of Peshawar district, and number some 3000 fighting men. The remaining three clans are Afghan subjects. SHIO-GHI, the Japanese game of chess. Like Go-bang, the game of the middle classes, and Sugorochu (double-six), that of the common people, it was introduced from China many centuries ago and is still popular with the educated classes. It is played on a board divided into 81 squares, nine on a side, with 20 pieces on each side, arranged on the three ,outer rows. The pieces, which are flat and punt-shaped with the smaller end towards the front, represent, by means of different inscriptions, the 0, or Sho, King-General, with whose checkmate the game ends, his two chief aids, the Kin and Ghin, Gold and Silver Generals (two of each), Ka-Ma, horse or knight (two), Yari, spearman (two), one Hisha, or flying chariot (rook), one Kaku (bishop), and nine Hio or Fu, soldiers or pawns. All these pieces, like those in chess, possess different functions. The chief difference between chess and Shio-ghi is that in the Japanese game a piece does not cease to be a factor in the game when it is captured by the opponent, but may be returned by him to the board at any time as a reserve; and, secondly, all pieces, except the King and Gold General, are promoted to higher powers upon entering the last three rows of the enemy's territory. This possibility of utilizing captured forces against their former masters and the altering values of the different men render shio-ghi a very difficult and complicated game. See Games Ancient and Oriental, by E. Falkener (London, 1892) ; the Field (Sept. 1904).
End of Article: SHINWARI

Additional information and Comments

dear all pakhtun and specially for shinwaris salaam al though the history and back ground of the shinwari tribe are available in every place. this tribe is scattered all over the world and especially in india pakistan and afghanistan.the large number of this tribe has sittal in jalal abad and landi kotal of khyber agency.but there are other places where the tribe men are live.these places are the upper mohmand agency like sheikh baba,chamarkand, saagi,and alingar, beside this they are liveing in shabqar in a village nauranai. the please of nauranai village migrated from saagi mohmand agency,the tribe men iare also liveing in kashmir and india. any one who has known the history and family tree of the shinwari tribe so please share me i am very interesting to know the whole history of this nation.
salamona ao neki helli taso tolo am azizullah shinwari.Regionally i am from dihbala district now i am in india we are very happy about this that your doing very good job for our trib. thank you for this keep it on its very good job
Hi I am Shah Faisal shinwari ... shinwari is sub pushtoon tribe and are settled in nangarhar province of Afghanistan and in landi kotal Khyber agency (FATA) and large part is settled in the kohat Pakistan too... search Wikipedia for more information about pushtoon tribe.. thanks for your research on our tribe ... proud to be pashtoon
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