Online Encyclopedia

SHORE

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 1003 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SHORE, a word meaning (1) the margin or edge of land when bordering on a large piece of water, whether of an ocean or sea or lake, " bank " taking its place when applied to the borders on either side of a river; for the legal aspect of the " shore," i.e., the space bordering on tidal waters between high and low water mark, see FORESHORE; (2) a prop of timber, used as a support, temporary or permanent, for a building when threatening to fall or during reconstruction (see SHORING), and more particularly a timber support placed against a ship's side when building on the stocks, or when ready for launching on the slips; the props which are the final supports knocked away at the mcment of launching are called the " dog-shores," one of the very numerous uses of " dog " for mechanical devices of many kinds (see SHIP-BUILDING). Both words are to be derived ultimately from the same source, viz., the root seen in " shear," to cut off; in sense (I) the word means a part cut or " shorn " off, an edge, and appears in M.Eng. as schore, from O. Eng. sceran, to cut, shear; in sense (2) it is of Scandinavian origin and is an adaptation of the Nor. shores, a piece of timber cut off to serve as a prop or support.
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