SHRUB . (i) A bushy plant whose
See also:stem is woody and branches out thickly from the ground, not attaining sufficient height to be called a
See also:tree; this smallness of vertical growth is natural or is effected by cutting and lopping at an early stage or at stated seasons . The
See also:term is loose in application and the
See also:line between shrubs, trees and certain woody herbaceous
See also:plants is not easy to draw . The
See also:holly, the
See also:yew, the
See also:laurel, if allowed to grow from a single stem, become trees, other plants such as
See also:rhododendron, syringa, the euonymous are properly shrubs . The word is the same as "scrub," low, stunted undergrowth, in O . Eng. scrob; the
See also:root, which is also seen in "
See also:shrimp" and " shrivel," means to contract . Many
See also:English place-names contain the word, the most
See also:familiar being
See also:Shrewsbury (Scrobbesbyrig) and
See also:Wormwood Scrubs . (2) The name of a drink or cordial, now rarely found except in
See also:country districts . It is made of
See also:currant juice boiled with
See also:water and
See also:sugar to which some spirit, usually
See also:rum, is added . Another
See also:form of the drink is made of rum, orange and lemon juice, peel, sugar and water . The word is an adaptation of the Arabic sharb or sharab, beverage, drink, shariba, he drank, and is thus directly related to "
See also:sherbet " and "
See also:syrup " (q.v.) . SHUFFLE-
See also:BOARD, or
See also:SHOVEL-BOARD (originally "shove-board "), a
See also:game in which
See also:wood or
See also:metal disks are " shoved " by the
See also:hand or with an implement so that they shall come to a stop on or within certain lines or compartments marked on the " board "—a table or a
See also:floor .
It was formerly very popular inEngland, especially with the aristocracy, under the names shove-
See also:groat, slide-groat and shovel-
See also:penny, being mentioned as early as the 15th century . It was a favourite pastime at the
See also:great country houses, some of the boards having been of exquisite workmanship . That at Chartley
See also:Hall in
See also:Staffordshire was over 30 ft. long and was made up of 26o pieces . Shuffle-board enjoys considerable vogue in the
See also:United States, the board being from 28 to 30 ft. long and from 18 to 20 in. wide, of
See also:pine, poplar or
See also:white wood, with a gutter 41 in. wide extending entirely
See also:round the board . The
See also:surface is slightly sanded and sometimes oiled . About 5 in. from each end of the board is
See also:drawn a line called the deuce line . Each side, whether composed of two or four persons, used four disks of polished brass or iron, generally about 2 in. in diameter and in. thick . When two persons
See also:play they shove first from one end of the board and then from the other; but when four play one of each side remains permanently at each end . The disks, four of which are marked A and four B, are shoved alternately by each side . A disk resting between the deuce line and.the end of the board is in and scores two . One protruding over the end sufficiently to be lifted by the
See also:finger is called a
See also:ship and
See also:counts three . A disk resting on the board but not
See also:crossing the line counts one .
In scoring only the best of the eight disks counts, unless one side has two that are better than any of their opponents', in whichcase both count . The side first scoring 21 points wins . A variety of shuffle-board is very popular as a
See also:deck game onboard steamers and yachts . It is played by pushing wooden disks by means of crutch-shaped cues, or shovels, into which the disks
See also:fit, so that they come to a stop within the lines of a large rectangle drawn with
See also:chalk on the deck and divided into squares numbered from 1 to ro with an extra square nearest the player, numbered The game is usually 21 points .
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