Online Encyclopedia

SIBAWAIHI [Abu Bishr, or Abu-1 Hasan`...

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Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 10 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIBAWAIHI [Abu Bishr, or Abu-1 Hasan`Amr ibn`Uthman ibn Qanbar, known as SIBAWAIHI or SIBUY1] (c. 753-793), Arabian grammarian, was by origin a Persian and a freedman. Of his early years nothing is known. At the age of thirty-two he went to Basra, where he was a pupil of the celebrated grammarian Khalil. Later he went to Bagdad, but soon left, owing to a dispute with the Kufan grammarian Kisk'i, and returned to Persia, where lie died at the age of about forty. His great grammar of Arabic, known simply as The Book, is not only the earliest systematic presentation of Arabic grammar, but is recognized among Arabs as the most perfect. It is not always clear, but is very full and valuable for its many illustrations from the Koran and the poets. The Book was published by H. Derenbourg (2 vols., Paris, 1881-1889), and a German translation, with extracts from the commentary of Sirafi (d. 978) and others, was published by G. Jahn (Berlin, 1895-1900). (G. W. T.)
End of Article: SIBAWAIHI [Abu Bishr, or Abu-1 Hasan`Amr ibn`Uthman ibn Qanbar, known as SIBAWAIHI or SIBUY1] (c. 753-793)
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