See also:born at
See also:Bathgate, Linlithgow, Scotland, on the 7th of
See also:June 1811 . His
See also:father was a
See also:baker in that
See also:town, and
See also:James was the yeungest of a
See also:family of seven . At the age of fourteen he entered the university of
See also:Edinburgh as a student in the arts classes . Two years later he began his medical studies . At the age of nineteen he obtained the licence of the
See also:College of Surgeons, and two years afterwards took the degree of
See also:doctor of
See also:medicine . Dr
See also:Thomson (1765-1846), who then occupied the
See also:chair of pathology in the university, impressed with
See also:graduation thesis, " On
See also:Death from Inflammation," offered him his assistantship . The offer was accepted, and during the session 1537-1838 he acted as
See also:interim lecturer on pathology during the illness of the
See also:professor . The following winter he delivered his first course of lectures on obstetric medicine in the extra-academical school . In
See also:February 1840 he was elected to the professorship of medicine and midwifery in the university . Towards the end of 1846 he was
See also:present at an operation per-formed by Robert Liston on a patient rendered unconscious by the inhalation of sulphuric
See also:ether . The success of the proceeding was so marked that Simpson immediately began to use it in midwifery practice . He continued, however, to
See also:search for other substances having similar effects, and in
See also:March 1847 he read a paper on
See also:chloroform to the Medico-Chirurgical Society of Edinburgh, in which he fully detailed the
See also:history of the use of anaesthetics from the earliest times, but especially dwelt upon the advantages of chloroform over ether .
He advocated its use, not only for the prevention of
See also:pain in surgical operations, but also for the
See also:relief of pain in obstetrical practice, and his uncompromising advocacy of its use in the latter class of cases gave rise to one of the angriest and most widespread controversies of the
See also:time . In 1847 he was appointed a physician to the
See also:queen in Scotland . In 1859 he advocated the use of acupressure in place of ligatures for arresting the bleeding of cut
See also:arteries, but of more importance were his improvements in the methods of gynaecological diagnosis and
See also:obstetrics . His contributions to the literature of his profession were very numerous, embracing Obstetric
See also:Memoirs and Contributions (2 vols.), Homoeopathy, Acupressure, Selected Obstetrical
See also:Anaesthesia and Hospitalism and Clinical Lectures on the Diseases of
See also:Women . He also took an active
See also:interest in archaeology, and two volumes of his Archaeological Essays, edited by Dr J .
See also:Stuart, were published at Edinburgh in 1873 . Simpson, who had been created a
See also:baronet in 1866, died in Edinburgh on the 6th of May 187o, and was accorded a public funeral; his statue in
See also:bronze now stands in West Princes Street Gardens, Edinburgh . See John
See also:Duns, Memoir of J . Y . Simpson (1873) ; E . 13 . Simpson,
See also:Sir James Simpson (1896) ; and H .
See also:Gordon, Sir J . Y . Simpson and Chloroform (1897) .
MATTHEW SIMPSON (1811-1884)
THOMAS SIMPSON (1710-1761)
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