See also:John Simson of Kirktonhill in
See also:Ayrshire, was
See also:born on the 4th of
See also:October 1687 . He was intended for the
See also:church, but the bent of his mind was towards
See also:mathematics, and, when a prospect opened of his succeeding to the mathematical
See also:chair at the university of
See also:Glasgow, he p eceeded to
See also:London for further study . After a
See also:year in London he returned to Glasgow, and in 1711 was appointed by the university to the professorship of mathematics, an
See also:office which he retained until 1761 . He died on the 1st of October 1768 . Simson's contributions to mathematical knowledge took the
See also:form of critical
See also:editions and commentaries on the
See also:works of the
See also:ancient geometers . The first of his published writings is a paper in the Philosophical Transactions (1723, vol. xl. p . 330) on Euclid's Porisms (q.v.) . Then followed Sectionum conicarum libri V . (
See also:Edinburgh, 1735), a second edition of which, with additions, appeared in 1750 . The first three books of this
See also:treatise were translated into
See also:English, and several times printed as The Elements of the Conic Sections . In 1749 was published Apollonii Pergaei locorum planorum libri II., a restoration of
See also:Apollonius's lost treatise, founded on the lemmas given in the seventh
See also:book of Pappus's Mathematical Collection . In 1756 appeared, both in Latin and in English, the first edition of his Euclid's Elements .
See also:work, which contained only the first six and the
See also:eleventh and twelfth books, and to which in its English version he added the Data in 1762, was for long the standard text of Euclid in England . After his
See also:death restorations of Apollonius's treatise De section determinata and of Euclid's treatise De Pori tnatibus were printed for private circulation in R.-SIN 137 1776 at the expense of
See also:Earl Stanhope, in a
See also:volume with the title Roberti Simson
See also:opera quaedam reliqua . The volume contains also
See also:dissertations on Logarithms and on the Limits of Quantities and Ratios, and a few problems illustrative of the ancient geometrical analysis . See W . Trail,
See also:Life and Writings of Robert Simson (1812); C . Hutton, Mathematical and Philosophical
See also:Dictionary (1815) . SIMSON,
See also:WILLIAM (1800-1847), Scottish portrait, landscape and subject painter, was born at Dundee in 1800 . He studied under Andrew
See also:Wilson at the Trustees' Academy, Edinburgh, and his early pictures—landscape and marine subjects—found a ready sale . He next turned his
See also:attention to figure
See also:painting, producing in 1829 the " Twelfth of
See also:August," which was followed in 183o by " Sportsmen Regaling " and a " Highland
See also:Deer-stalker." In the latter year he was elected a member of the Scottish Academy; and, having acquired some means by portrait-painting, he spent three years in Italy, and on his return in 1838 settled in London, where he exhibited his " Camaldolese
See also:monk showing
See also:Relics," his " Cimabue and
See also:Giotto," his " Dutch
See also:Family," and his "
See also:Columbus and his
See also:Child " at the Convent of
See also:Santa Maria la Rabida . He died in London on the 29th of August 1847 . Simson is greatest as a landscapist; his " Solway Moss—Sunset," exhibited in the Royal Scottish Academy of 1831 and now in the
See also:National Gallery, Edinburgh, ranks as one of the finest examples of the early Scottish school of landscape . His elder
See also:George (1791-1862), portrait-painter, was also a member of the Royal Scottish Academy, and his younger brother
See also:David (d .
1874) practised as a landscape-painter .
MARTIN EDUARD VON SIMSON (1810-1899)
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