SIN , the name of the
See also:god in Babylonia and
See also:Assyria, also known as Nannar, the " illuminer." The two chief seats of his worship were Ur in the S., and
See also:Harran considerably to the N., but the cult at an early
See also:period spread to other centres, and temples to the moon-god are found in all the large cities of Babylonia and Assyria . He is commonly designated as En-zu, i.e . "
See also:lord of wisdom," and this attribute clings to him throughout all periods . During the period (c . 2600-2400 B.C.) that Ur exercised a large measure of supremacy over the
See also:Euphrates valley, Sin was naturally regarded as the
See also:head of the
See also:pantheon . It is to this period that we must trace such designations of the god as "
See also:father of the gods," " chief of the gods," " creator of all things," and the like . We are justified in supposing that the cult of the moon-god was brought into Babylonia by the Semitic nomads from
See also:Arabia . The moon-god is
See also:par excellence the god of nomadic peoples, their
See also:guide and
See also:protector at
See also:night when, during a
See also:part of the
See also:year, they undertake their wanderings, just as the
See also:sun-god is the chief god of an agricultural
See also:people . The cult once introduced would tend to persevere, and the development of astrological science culminating in a
See also:calendar and in a
See also:system of
See also:interpretation of the movements and occurrences in the starry heavens would be an important factor in maintaining the position of Sin in the pantheon . The name of Sin's chief sanctuary at Ur was E-gish-shir-gal, "
See also:house of the great
See also:light "; that at Harran was known as E-khul-khul, " house of joys." On seal-cylinders he is represented as an old man with flowing
See also:beard, with the
See also:crescent as his
See also:symbol . In the astral-theological system he is represented by the number 30, and the
See also:Venus as his daughter by the number 15 . The number 30 stands obviously in connexion with the
See also:thirty days as the
See also:average extent of his course until he stands again in conjunction with the sun .
The " wisdom " personified by the moon-god is likewise an expression of the science of
See also:astrology in which the observation of the moon's phases is so important a factor . The tendency to centralize the
See also:powers of the universe leads to the
See also:establishment of the
See also:doctrine of a triad consisting of Sin,
See also:Shamash and
See also:Ishtar (q.v.), personifying the moon, sun and the
See also:earth as the
See also:life-force . (M .
ROBERT SIMSON (1687-1768)
SIN (O. Eng. syn: a common Teutonic word, cf. Dutch...
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