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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V24, Page 485 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIR GEOFFREY LE SCROPE (d. 1340), chief justice of the king's bench as mentioned above, uncle of the first Baron Scrope of Bolton, had a son Henry (1315—1391), who in 1350 was summoned to parliament by writ as Baron Scrope, the designation " of Masham" being added in the time of his grandson to distinguish the title from that held by the elder branch of the family. Henry's fourth son was RICHARD LE SCROPE (c. 1350-1405), archbishop of York, who took part with the Percies in opposition to Henry IV., and was beheaded for treason in June 1405. HENRY LE SCROPE, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham (c. 1376—1415), was a favourite of Henry V., by whom he was made treasurer in 1410 and employed on diplomatic missions abroad. But in 1415 he was concerned in a conspiracy to de-throne Henry and was executed at Southampton, when his title was forfeited. It was, however, restored to his brother John in 1455; and it fell into abeyance on the death, in 1517, of Geoffrey, filth Baron Scrope of Masham, without male heirs. See Sir N. H. Nicolas, The Scrope and Grosvenor Controversy (2 vols., London, 1832), containing much detailed information about the various branches of the Scrope family; J. H. Wylie, History of England under Henry IV. (4 vols., London, 1884—1898) ; Edward Foss, The Judges of England (9 vols., London, 1848—1864) ; G. P. Scrope, History of the Manor and Ancient Barony of Castle Combe, Wilts (London, 1852) ; G. E. C., Complete Peerage, vol. vii. (London, (R. J M.)
End of Article: SIR GEOFFREY LE SCROPE (d. 1340)

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