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SIR HENRY JOHN STEDMAN COTTON (1845– )

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Originally appearing in Volume V07, Page 255 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIR HENRY JOHN STEDMAN COTTON (1845– ), Anglo- Indian administrator, son of J. J. Cotton of the Madras Civil Service, was born on the 13th of September 1845, and was educated at Magdalen College:school and King's College, London. He entered the Bengal Civil Service in 1867, and held various appointments of increasing importance until he became chief secretary to the Bengal government (1891–1896), acting home secretary to the government of India (1896), and chief commissioner of Assam (1896–1902). He retired in 1902, and soon became known as the leading English champion of the Indian nationalists. In 1906 he entered parliament as Liberal member for East Nottingham. He was the author of New India (1885; revised 1904–1907). His brother, JAMES SUTHERLAND COTTON (1847— ), was born in India on the 17th of July 1847, and was educated at Magdalen College school and Trinity College, Oxford.. For many years he was editor of the Academy; he published various works on Indian subjects, and was the English editor of the revised edition of the Imperial Gazetteer of India (1908).
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