SISSEK (Hungarian, Sziszek; Croatian, Sisak) , a
See also:town of Croatia-Slavonia, in the
See also:county of Agram; situated at the confluence of the Save and Kulpa, 3o in. by
See also:rail S.E. by S. of Agram . Pop . (1900) 7047 . Sissek has a considerable
See also:trade in
See also:grain and
See also:timber . Its only noteworthy
See also:building is an
See also:castle, constructed of
See also:brick . As the vestiges of its
See also:Roman walls tend to prove, Sissek was a large and flourishing city under Roman
See also:rule .
See also:Augustus made it a military station; Tiberius
See also:chose it as his headquarters against the Pannonian rebels; and from Septimius Severus, who made it the centre of a military
See also:government, it gained the name of Septimia Sissia . A
See also:Segesta, on the Save, is mentioned by
See also:Appian, and
See also:Strabo distinguishes between this town and the neighbouring Siscia . It seems likely, as St Aymour suggests, that two towns, the native Segesta and the Roman fortress called by Strabo i) Dhriaa 4po6piov, ultimately
See also:united under the single name of Siscia . In the 3rd century, under
See also:Gallienus and Probus, the city contained the chief imperial mint and
See also:treasury; and an engraved coffer, found in Croatia, dating from the 4th century, and representing the five foremost cities of the
See also:Empire, includes Siscia along with Rome,
See also:Carthage and
See also:Nicomedia . Its bishopric was removed to Salona, in 441, when
See also:Attila appeared, and thenceforward the city declined . For a brief
See also:period, in the 7th and 8th centuries, the conquering Slays made it one of their Zupanates, or governments; but in the loth century it was sacked by the
See also:Magyars, and in 1092 its territories were bestowed upon the
See also:chapter of Agram by
See also:Ladislaus I.,
See also:king of Hungary .
Under the walls of its castle, built by this chapter in 1544, the
See also:Turks were thrice defeated in 1593 . At a
See also:fourth venture the city fell, only to be evacuated in 1594 . It witnessed a final
See also:Turkish defeat in 1641 . See C. de St Aymour,
See also:Les Pays sad-slaves de l'Autriche-Hongrie (1883), ch. ii .
JEAN CHARLES LEONARD DE SISMONDI (1773-1842)
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