Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V26, Page 51 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIYIDAS, Greek lexicographer. Nothing is known of him, except that he must have lived before Eustathius (12th—13th century), who frequently quotes him. Under the heading " Adam " the author of the lexicon (which a prefatory note states to be " by Suidas ") gives a brief chronology of the world, ending with the death of the emperor John Zimisces (975), and under "Constantinople " his successors Basil and Constantine are mentioned. It would thus appear that Suidas lived in the latter part of the xoth century. The passages in which Michael Psellus (end of the x Ith century) is referred to are considered later interpolations. The lexicon of Suidas is arranged alphabetically with some slight deviations, letters and combinations of letters having the same sound being placed together; thus, at and e follow 8, and et, n, 1 follow . It partakes of the nature of a dictionary and encyclopaedia. It includes numerous quotations from ancient writers; the scholiasts on Aristophanes, Homer, Sophocles and Thucydides are also much used. The biographical notices, the author tells us, are condensed from the Onomatologion or Pinax of Hesychius of Miletus; other sources were the excerpts of Constantine Porphyrogenitus, the chronicle of Georgius Monachus, the biographies of Diogenes Laertius and the works of Athenaeus and Philostratus. The work deals with scriptural as well as pagan subjects, from which it is inferred that the writer was a Christian. A prefatory note gives a list of dictionaries from which the lexical portion was compiled, together with the names of their authors. Although the work is uncritical and probably much interpolated, and the value of the articles is very unequal, it contains much information on ancient history and life. Editio princeps, by Demetrius Chalcondyles (1499) ; later editions by L. Mister (1705), T. Gaisford (1834), G. Bernhardy (1834—1853) and I. Bekker (1854); see A. Daub, De S. Biographicorum origin et fide (188o) and Studien zu den Biographika des S. (1882); and J. E. Sandys, Hist. of Cassical Scholarship (1906), p. 407.
End of Article: SIYIDAS

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