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THOMAS SOUTHWOOD SMITH (1788-1861)

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Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 270 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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THOMAS SOUTHWOOD SMITH (1788-1861), English physician and sanitary reformer, was born at Martock, Somerset-shire, on the 21st of December 1788. 'While a medical student in Edinburgh he took charge of a Unitarian congregation. In 1816 he took his M.D. degree, and began to practice at Yeovil, Somerset, also becoming minister at a chapel in that town, but removed in 182o to London, devoting himself principally to medicine. In 1824 he was appointed physician to the London Fever Hospital, and in .183o published A Treatise on Fever, which was at once accepted as a standard authority on the subject. In this book he established the direct connexion between the impoverishment of the poor and epidemic fever. He was frequently consulted in fever epidemics and on sanitary matters by public authorities, and his reports on quarantine (1845), cholera (185o), yellow fever (1852), and on the results of sanitary improvement (1854) were of international importance. He died at Florence on the loth of December 1861.
End of Article: THOMAS SOUTHWOOD SMITH (1788-1861)
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