See also:American general, was
See also:born at St Albans,
See also:Vermont, on the 17th of
See also:February 1824, and graduated from West Point in '845, being assigned to the engineer branch of the army . He was twice assistant
See also:professor of
See also:mathematics at West Point (1846—1848 and 1855—1856) . During the first
See also:campaign of the
See also:Civil War he was employed on the
See also:staff, in
See also:August 1861 became brigadier-general of
See also:volunteers, and was breveted
See also:lieutenant-colonel U.S.A. for his gallantry at the
See also:action of
See also:Oak Swamp . In
See also:July '862 he received promotion to the
See also:rank of major-general U.S.V .
See also:Smith led his division with conspicuous valour at
See also:Antietam, and was again breveted in the
See also:regular army . On the
See also:assignment of General
See also:Franklin to a
See also:superior command Smith was placed at the
See also:bead of the VI.
See also:corps of the Army of the
See also:Potomac, which he led at the disastrous
See also:battle of Fredericksburg (q.v.) . The recriminations which followed led to the famous general
See also:order in which several of the
See also:officers of the army were dismissed and suspended by General Burnside . Smith was one of these, but it is to his
See also:credit that he did not leave the army, and as a brigadier-general he commanded troops in Pennsylvania during the critical days of the
See also:Gettysburg campaign . Later in '863 he was assigned to
See also:duty as chief engineer of the Army of the
See also:Cumberland . As such he conducted the engineer operations which reopened the "
See also:line " from
See also:Chattanooga (q.v.) to the
See also:base of supplies . Of this action the
See also:Committee on military affairs reported in 1865 that " as a subordinate, General W . F .
Smith had saved the Army of the Cumberland fromcapture, and afterwards directed it to victory." Smith was now again nominated for the rank of major-general U.S.V., and
See also:Grant, who was much impressed with Smith's
See also:work, insisted strongly that the nomination should be confirmed, which was accordingly done by the
See also:Senate in
See also:March '864 . Grant, according to his own statement, " was not long in finding out that the objections to Smith's promotion were well grounded," but he never stated the grounds of his complaint, and Smith, in the " Battles and Leaders" series, maintained that they were purely of a
See also:personal character . Forthe Virginian campaign of '864 Smith was specially assigned by Grant to command the XVIII. corps, Army of the
See also:James, and he took
See also:part in the battle of
See also:Cold Harbor and the first operations against
See also:Petersburg, after which, while absent on leave, he was suddenly deprived of his command by Grant . He resigned from the volunteers in 1865, and from the U.S. army in '867 . From '864 to 1873 he was
See also:president of the
See also:International Telegraph
See also:Company, and in '875—1881 served on the
See also:board of
See also:police commissioners of New
See also:York, becoming president of this in 1877 . After 1881 he was engaged in civil
See also:engineering work . He died at
See also:Philadelphia on the 28th of February 1903 .
WILLIAM SMITH (fl. 1596)
WILLIAM HENRY SMITH (1808—1872)
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