Online Encyclopedia

SIR JOHN SOANE (1753-1837)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V25, Page 296 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SIR JOHN SOANE (1753-1837), English architect and art collector, was born near Reading of a humble family whose name of Swan he afterwards altered to Soap or Soane. His talent as a boy attracted the attention of George Dance, junior, the architect, who with other friends helped him on. He won the Royal Academy's silver (1772) and gold (1776) medals, and a travelling studentship, and went to Italy to study (1777-1780). Returning to England he got into practice as an architect, and in 1784 married a rich wife. He became architect to the Bank of England, which he practically rebuilt in its present form, and did other important public work. He became an A.R.A in 1795, and R.A. in 18o2, and professor of architecture to the Royal Academy in 18o6. In 1831 he was knighted. In his house in Lincoln's Inn Fields he brought together a valuable antiquarian museum (now the Soane Museum), which in 18J5 he presented to the nation with an endowment; and there he died in 1837. (See MUSEUMS.)
End of Article: SIR JOHN SOANE (1753-1837)
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